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国际发表《21 世纪物理学新理论体系》在国际《物理学杂志:会议系列》上

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国际发表《21 世纪物理学新理论体系》在《物理学杂志:会议系列》(JPCS)(ISSN:1742-6588)上,   并提交给   EI Compendex,Scopus,Inspec,DOAJ进行索引。




国际发表网址DOI:

https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1742-6596/1634/1/012103




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21世纪物理学新理论体系


周江华

中国河北省秦皇岛市海碧台2-3-2403信箱,秦皇岛 066000

E-mail1092375690@qq.com


摘要:2000年,作者在中国物理学会第九届静电学术会议上发表了关于同一物质摩擦产生同性电荷的新发现。对于这一重要的实验新发现,作者提出了对“正负电荷”的新认识,找到了一种解释所有静电效应的新理论。基于对“物质”、“实体”和“热能”的颠覆性新认识,引发了对“粒子电荷动态原子模型”的新认识。阐明了“实体”与“热能”的关系是物质间引力和斥力存在的根源,提出了引力与斥力的平衡距离定律。本文揭示了地球引力的成因以及宇宙中许多引力和斥力等现象。在引力场、磁场、电场等领域,一系列重要的科学问题被揭示出来!新理论体系的建立为解决“一切物理问题”提供了新的视野!新的理论体系由六个部分组成:第一部分介绍“新理论体系”建立的原因,第二部分提出物质世界新的基本认识论,第三部分是引力斥力场的新认识论,第四部分是磁场的新认识论,第五部分是电场的新认识论,第六部分阐述了新理论体系的科学意义。从物质世界中“实体”和“热能”的基本构成的新视角出发,对物质、实体、热能、原子、元素、引力、斥力、磁场、电场等进行了新的认识,建立了21世纪物理学新的理论体系:物质世界:“实体”与“热能”构建“统一场论”。科学研究需要一种新的视野来拓展人的主观思维对客观本质的认识。这一新理论体系的建立,可能会引发21世纪新的物理学革命。

关键词:21世纪;物理学;新理论体系;物质世界;物质;实体;热能;构成;统一场论

New theoretical system of physics in the 21st century

Jiang Hua Zhou

O. Box 2-3-2403, hai bi tai, Qinhuangdao City, Hebei Province, China 066000.E-mail:1092375690@qq.com.

Abstract: In 2000, the author published a new discovery about the same-sex charge produced by friction of the same substance at the ninth electrostatic academic conference of Chinese physical society. For this important new experimental discovery, the author puts forward a new understanding of "positive and negative charges" and finds a new theory to explain all electrostatic effects.   Based on the subversive new understanding of "matter", "entity" and "heat energy", a new understanding of "particle charge dynamic atomic model" is initiated. It is clarified that the relationship between "entity" and "heat energy" is the root of the existence of gravitation and repulsion between matter, The law of equilibrium distance between gravity and repulsion is put forward. This paper reveals the causes of the formation of the earth's gravity and many phenomena of attraction and repulsion force   in the universe and so on. In the fields of gravitational field, magnetic field, electric field and so on, a series of important scientific problems have been revealed! The establishment of the new theoretical system provides a new vision for solving "all physical problems"! The new theoretical system consists of six parts: the first part introduces the reasons for the establishment of the "new theoretical system", the second part proposes a new basic epistemology of the material world, the third part is a new epistemology of the gravitational repulsion field, the fourth part is a new epistemology of the magnetic field, and the fifth part is a new epistemology of the electric field, and the sixth part expounds the scientific significance of the new theoretical system. Starting from a new perspective of the basic composition of "entity" and "heat energy" in the material world, this paper makes a new understanding of matter, entity, heat energy, atom, element, gravity, repulsion, magnetic field and electric field, Established 21st century physics new theoretical system, Material world: "entity" and "heat energy" constitute "unified field theory". Scientific research needs a new vision to expand the subjective human thought's understanding of the objective nature. The establishment of this new theoretical system may lead to a new physics revolution in the 21st century.    

Key words: 21st century; physics; new theoretical system; material world; matter; entity; heat energy; constitution; unified field theory


1.第一部分:新理论体系建立的原因

随着地球文明的飞速发展,人类已经将目光转向了宇宙的深处。在21世纪,人类能否实现星际航行取决于科学理论的突破性发展。作者发表了一篇题为“基础物理研究的革命将开创星际空间飞行器研究的新时代”[1-2],希望人类在星际航行的道路上走得更远!

目前,物理学的基本理论是以电子的得失理论为基础的。然而,根据笔者多年的研究,“不同材料摩擦产生不同电荷”的现象是片面的。事实上,同样的材料摩擦也会产生同样的电荷,因此基于单边实验现象的理论体系必然是不科学的。基于这些新的实验现象,作者提出了新的观点。

本文是作者专著《21世纪物理学研究的新视野》[3]、《揭示物质世界自然科学的真理》[4]、《揭示引力形成的原因》[5]的后续著作。作者系统地回顾了研究了31年的“物理学新理论体系[1]”!我们希望为人类寻找自然科学真理找到一条新的道路!

历史上,瑞典科学院的物理学家E.Edlund教授对电荷内部动力学的理解有不同的看法[6]。由于当时E.Edlund教授没有发现同性电荷是由同一物质的摩擦产生的,他对电荷的动态性质的理解就被放弃了。事实上,主导我们思维的主流“电子得失论”经不起仔细推敲。目前,摩擦带电的产生被认为是一种物质在摩擦过程中失去一些核外电子,而这些电子被另一种物质获得实际上是不合理的。

首先,原子非常小,200万个原子叠加的高度大约相当于一本普通书一页的厚度。世界上没有任何人和仪器能够掌握只擦除超小原子核外电子而不损坏原子核的微力摩擦技术。在摩擦带电实验中,摩擦力越大,摩擦越快,静电就越强,会导致成千上万的原子脱落。由于原子太小,原子直径只有百万分之一毫米,强烈的摩擦不仅会导致原子核外的电子脱落。目前,仅能擦除直径只有百万分之一毫米的原子上的电子的微力摩擦技术,在人类技术水平上很难实现。微力摩擦技术只擦除直径百万分之一毫米原子上的电子,并不亚于人类登月的技术。因此,由电子的得失引起的摩擦带电理论在实际实验中很难实现!理论与实践之间存在着严重的差距,电子的得失理论缺乏实验支持。

其次,在以往的实验中,我们只关注不同物质之间摩擦产生的相反电荷现象,而没有注意到同一物质之间摩擦产生的同性电荷现象。原因是电子得与失的理论束缚了我们的思维,使我们走向错误方向。我们一直在做不同物质之间的摩擦和带电实验,而放弃了相同物质之间的摩擦实验。事实上,使同一物质摩擦产生同性电荷是极其容易发现的,这一事实从未被认识到。同一物质之间的摩擦产生的同性电荷,不是在特定的环境中或某一物质中单独产生的,而是同一物质中普遍存在的客观规律(指:通过摩擦带电的物质)。正是这个事实违背了电子的得失理论。错误的理论会导致科学的误导,不利于新科学的发现和发展。

长期以来,为了维持电子的得失理论,物理界只关注不同物质通过摩擦产生不同电荷的现象,而忽视了同一物质之间的摩擦产生相同电荷的现象,从而使物理规律建立在片面的实际现象基础上,缺乏全面的客观认识,从而导致了后来对真理认识方式的一系列偏差。随着物理学家E.Edlund“电荷本质动力学”思想的深入研究,我们将惊奇地发现,它不仅能解释由同一物质摩擦产生的同性电荷的实验现象,而且能找到解释所有静电效应的新理论,从而建立了“新的物理理论体系”,揭示了人类认识物质世界的许多重大科学问题。它包括发现引力的原因。这些问题的解决大大超出了现有理论的解释能力[1]。本文解决了困扰人类科学发展的一系列重大科学问题。

作者介绍的新的物理理论体系,经过长达31年(1989-2020)的理论与实验过程研究!连续31年发表多篇论文,2005年7月出版专著《21世纪物理学研究的新视野》[3]。2020年,新理论体系的建立终于完成[1-5]。

2.第二部分:物质世界的新基本认识论

2000年,作者在中国物理学会第九届静电学术会议上发表了关于同一物质摩擦产生同性电荷实验现象的新发现[7-8]。针对这一重要的实验新发现,作者提出了不同于“电子得失理论”解释“正负电荷”产生的新观点,并用新的观点解释了这一新的实验现象。然后通过对“物质”、“实体”和“热能”的新认识,对“原子模型”有了新的思考,得到了一个新的“粒子电荷动态原子模型”。根据对“粒子电荷动态原子模型”的新认识,在对物质的普遍吸引和排斥的理解中,阐明了“实体”与“热能”之间的关系是物质之间吸引和排斥的根源。提出了物质(原子、恒星)间引力和斥力的平衡距离定律,揭示了引力的成因和宇宙中许多引力和排斥现象。

以下是作者对“21世纪物理学新理论体系”核心思想的高度概括:①物质世界由“实体”和“热能”两种基本类型的“物质属性”组成。② 实体与热能具有结合的内在特征,实体与热能的结合形成物质。③ “热能”客观真实地存在于物质世界中。热不是由运动产生的。④ 物质世界有不同的实体。不同的实体按照元素周期表的顺序排列。⑤ “粒子电荷动态原子模型”是“原子物质世界”形成的原因。⑥ 新的物质世界基本认识论主要包括“物质世界由实体和热能组成”的新认识论和“粒子电荷动态原子模型”新认识论。

2.1“物质世界由实体和热能组成”的新认识论

2.1.1对“物质、热能和实体”的新认识:

“物质”的理解:物质世界有两种基本类型:“物质属性实体”和“物质属性热能”。物质由“实体”和“热能”组成。它们的结合可以产生原子力的结构,合成物质。也就是说,“实体”与“热能”的结合可以产生原子结构,成为具有原子力结构的“物质”。注:“物质属性”是指物质属性的存在,但尚未形成物质的状态,它们是物质的组成部分。

“热能”的理解:“热能”的浓度用温度来表示。温度越高,“热能”的浓度就越大。宇宙真空中有3K热能,存在于自然界。热能不是由运动产生的。物质运动中热能的出现,正是凸显物质中隐藏的热能的现象。

“热能有两种传输特性”的理解:一种是高压热能,在低压热能中按“电压特性模式”传播,即电流和电磁辐射以光速传播,这就是“高压强热能”的传播特性。也就是说,光速的“电压特性模式”传播是“高压强热能”的独特传播特性。另一种是当低压热能在高压热能中传播时,热能在高压热能中按照“浓度扩散模式”缓慢传播。

“实体”的新理解:一个元素代表一个实体,不同的元素代表不同的实体。为了区分不同的实体,可以在实体之前加上元素的名称,如“铁实体”、“铜实体”、“黄金实体”等。物质世界中有不同的“元素实体”。当不同的“实体”作为不同的“元素实体”与不同浓度的“热能”结合时,不同的“元素实体”具有不同的“饱和热能”,从而产生不同的“饱和热能电压值”。本文将各种“实体”中的“饱和热能电压值”称为“标准电压能量值”。在每个“实体”的“中子”中,都有一个“标准电压能量值”,代表不同“实体”结合热能的不同饱和特性。每个“实体”的“标准电压能量值”的特点是每个“实体”在发射热能时具有不同的固定发射电压值。每个“实体”的“标准电压能量值”决定了其“发射磁场”的发射电压强度。这是每一个“元素实体”都有伦琴辐射现象的根本原因。

2.1.2对“元素周期表”的新认识:

随着周期表中元素排列顺序的增加,“元素实体”的“饱和热能”依次增大,“元素实体”的“饱和电压”也相应增加。每个物质元素“中子”都有一个“标准电压能量值”,每一个物质元素都有一个“标准电压能量值”,我认为元素周期表的建立就是用强X射线照射各种元素,激活每个元素“中子”所隐含的各自“标准电压能量值”。当每个“元素实体”的“标准电压能量值”被激活时,在传播过程中“地电压能量[3]”的阻尼电阻下形成了不同的波长规律,使每个元素呈现出自己的二次X射线现象,即伦琴辐射现象。每个元素的“标准电压能量值”的存在是产生“标记伦琴辐射”的根本原因,根据元素中二次X射线的不同波长,建立元素周期表。元素周期表的建立证明了物质世界中存在着不同的实体。这种认识揭示了物质元素可以为我们建立元素周期表的自然奥秘。

2.2解释所有静电效应的新理论:

在人类物理学的漫长历史中,人们只做不同物质之间的摩擦和带电实验,而没有对同一物质的摩擦是否带电进行测试和研究。然而,只要我们做实验,我们就可以发现由同一物质的摩擦产生相同电荷的实验现象[7-8]。特别需要指出的是,获得相同物质间摩擦产生的相同电荷的实验结果的前提是保证摩擦带电实验材料的一致性[7-8]。用电子的得失理论很难解释同一物质的摩擦产生相同电荷的实验事实,这对电子的得失理论提出了挑战。

用现有的电子得失理论很难解释同一电荷是由同一物质的摩擦产生的。为此,提出了一种新的解释方法。新观点认为,物质的正电荷是“实体”中“热能”过剩时的正电荷现象,物质负电荷是“实体”中“热能”不足时的负电荷现象。中性电荷是“实体”中的“热能”饱和时的中性电荷现象。静电效应的本质是“实体”与“热能”结合的不平衡状态的电荷特性。这一观点是物理学家E.Edlund关于电荷动力学性质的观点的发展。

同一物质摩擦产生相同电荷的原因:由于同一物质吸收热能的能力相同,说明同一物质的两个摩擦表面摩擦后没有热量的获得或损失,而是由于物质的表面结构被破坏,“热能”溢出或吸收,因此表明同一物质的两个摩擦表面只携带相同的电荷。也就是说,由于材料的表面结构,同一材料之间的摩擦会被破坏。当释放出热损失的材料表面呈现出缺乏热能的状态时,表现为具有相同负电荷的实验现象,表现为散热。相反,由于材料的表面结构,同一材料之间的摩擦会被破坏。当吸收热能的材料表面呈现过剩热能状态时。它显示了实验中的同性正电荷现象,表现为吸热。注:在保证摩擦带电实验材料的一致性的前提下,获得相同物质间摩擦产生的相同电荷的实验结果[7-8]。

不同物质摩擦产生不同电荷的原因是:虽然不同材料的表面结构被破坏,热能外溢,但不同材料的吸热能力不同,导致不同实体之间的热能效应得失,因此,不同材料的两个摩擦表面具有不同的正负电荷特性。

相反电荷相互吸引的原因:因为负电荷是“实体”缺少“热能”的状态,而正电荷是“实体”的“热能”剩余状态。由于物质世界中“热能”与“实体”的内在组合特征,不同电荷之间“实体”与“热能”互补组合的特征构成了不同电荷之间相互吸引的特征现象。

同性电荷之间相互排斥的原因是:同性电荷之间不存在互补性,因为它们处于“热能”不足(负电荷之间)或“热能”过剩(正电荷之间)的状态。并且具有相同的“物质属性”摄取,即:负电荷具有摄取“热能”的性质,正电荷具有摄取“实体”的性质,构成同性电荷之间的排斥和回避,从而表现出同性排斥现象。

带正负电荷的带电体吸引物质的原因是:缺少“热能”的负电荷具有吸收“热能”的能力,正电荷的剩余热能具有吸收“实体”的能力。由于物质是“实体”和“热能”的结合体,它有其自身的需要,所以正负电荷构成了物质的吸引力。

2.3对“热质理论”的再认识

在人类物理学的漫长历史中,关于热性质的争论始于对热质理论的古老理解。后来有了“动态制造的热学理论”(即分子运动的热学理论)的观点。目前,“动态制造热学理论”的观点盛行,主要基于以下两个实验:①1798年,本杰明·汤普森提出了“钻孔温升实验”。② 1799年,汉弗莱·戴维提出了“冰与冰摩擦形成的水温升的融冰实验”。这两个实验不足以否认“热能”是物质世界的客观存在。这两次增温实验的原因如下:

本文认为,“物质”由“热能”和“实体”组成,“热能”与“实体”具有结合的特征,所有物质都含有“热能”。本文认为,所有摩擦生热现象都是由于摩擦破坏了物质的原子结构,从而从被破坏的原子结构中释放出“热能”。

“钻孔”和“冰与冰之间的摩擦”正在破坏物质的原子结构。因此,“热能”从材料的原子结构中释放出来,从物质原子释放出来的“热能”通过原子中的“实体”不断地从物质的外层空间吸收和补充,这样“热能”通过不断的摩擦不断释放出来,然后“实体”不断吸收和补充“热能”,形成摩擦体不断发热的现象,这就是摩擦热产生的原因。

本文认为,这两个实验还不足以否认热能是物质世界的客观存在,因为在人类认识到宇宙温度3K存在于浩瀚空间的今天,“运动创造热能”的概念似乎难以令人信服。问运动生热理论,是什么总是在空间中运动来维持3K的宇宙温度现象,有人会说它是宇宙射线引起的,但它不知道宇宙射线本身就是物质世界中传递客观热能的现象。

另一个例子:对于一杯被火加热的水,我认为是注入水中的“热能”引起水分子的运动。引起运动的是“热能”,而不是水运动产生的“热能”。物质世界中“热能”的客观、真实存在,不是水的运动所创造的。

2.4“粒子电荷动态原子模型”的新认识论:

根据“物质”由“实体”和“热能”组成并具有组合特性的观点,当粒子体内的热能不足时,粒子呈现负电荷(如电子),当粒子体内的热能饱和时,粒子呈现中性电荷(如中子),当粒子体内的热能过剩时,粒子呈现正电荷(如质子)。这一观点是埃德伦德对正负电荷相互转化认识的发展。

“原子内粒子正负电荷变化的动态原子模型”(以下简称“粒子电荷的动态原子模型”):即缺乏热能的负电荷“电子”吸收原子核外的热能,而“电子”本身的负电荷随着“电子”实体所含热能的增加而减弱,而“电子”绕原子核旋转(电子绕原子核旋转的原因和旋转矢量的原因见文献[3]),由于热能的增加,大量负电荷减弱的“电子”被原子核中的“实体”所吸引,并向原子核附近区域移动并聚集成较大的粒子。当这些大粒子的热能饱和时,它们进入核壳区,变成带中性电荷的“中子”。热能继续与固体“中子”结合。当“中子”的热能过剩时,它们变成带正电的“质子”,进入原子核。当“质子”和热能连续组合产生的电压值大于外部约束电压值时(外部约束电压值是指行星向外层空间发射的电磁辐射中存在的电压值,见文献[3-5]),“质子”中的热能将遵循“电压特性模式”,以光速向原子外部发射电磁辐射。“质子”释放热能后,大粒子体由于吸收热能的需要而迁移分解到核外。这种自然分解效应是一种有利于“实体”吸收“热能”的现象。这样,就形成了“质子”在失去热能后破裂并向核外注入粒子的现象。这些注入原子核外的粒子又变成了原子核外的“电子”。这些固体颗粒一直具有动态迁移效应。在动态迁移过程中,当“质子”在电磁辐射发射前储存热能时,粒子发生停滞,形成原子核。以上观点是我在“正负电荷相互转换动力学理论”框架下对“粒子电荷动态原子模型”的新认识。目前,在电子显微镜下观察到的电子云中存在一个点效应,即“电子”从原子核中射出的成像。这一图像验证了新理论的科学性。

从整个原子的角度看:在原子中,带负电的电子和带正电荷的质子之间形成静电吸引和静电正负电荷的平衡,整个原子不带正负电荷。原子只表现出吸收和释放热能的特性。吸收的热能是根据浓度扩散原理缓慢进入原子的低能热能,而原子释放的热能则是根据电压特性以电磁辐射方式释放的高压强电磁热能。

3.第三部分:物质世界引力斥力场的新认识论

3.1对万有引力和斥力的理解:

通过对“粒子电荷动态原子模型”的新认识,我们找到了物质吸收“热能”和“释放电磁辐射”现象的根本原因,以及物质之间的吸引力和斥力的来源。由于物质原子具有吸收热能的能力,物质原子构成了相互吸引的源动力。也就是说:在原子之间,在恒星之间,因为这种相互吸收热能的能力构成了物质之间的万有引力。

简单地说:物质的“吸热能力”就是物质的“万有引力”。

物质的斥力简单地说就是:原子之间(恒星之间)的斥力是由强电磁热能相互释放产生的“电磁场发射”形成的。

微观上,原子间的排斥现象是原子间释放强电磁热能而产生的“发射电磁场”所形成的排斥效应。

从宏观上看,地球不断吸收低“热能”,不断向外层空间发射强电磁热能,导致地球“电磁场发射”永久存在。由于两颗相邻恒星之间存在“发射电磁场”的斥力,无论太阳的“发射电磁场”如何压缩地球的“发射电磁场”,都不能直接侵入地球表面。这一观点揭示了强大的太阳风多年来不能直接侵入地球表面的奥秘。

3.2对“引力与斥力空间平衡定律”的认识

物质世界中的“万有引力”与“万有斥力”是对立统一的:物质对“热能”的吸收和释放是物质之间“万有引力和斥力”存在的根源,即:,两个物质体在短距离内相互排斥是由于“物质发射的电磁场”的存在,而在长距离时由于物质之间吸收热能,决定了物质具有相互吸引的特性。

“引力”和“排斥力”的发生有一个引力和斥力平衡距离的规律:即相邻恒星(原子)发射的“电磁场”产生的“斥力”和吸收“热能”产生的“引力”。通过恒星(原子)之间的距离、近距离排斥和远距离吸收的自我调节,使恒星(原子)之间的斥力和引力达到平衡,从而产生“引力与斥力平衡距离定律”。宇宙中所有的物质(原子、恒星)都遵循“引力与斥力平衡距离定律”。

决定行星初始“发射磁场”强度的因素有:行星的质量决定发射的热能的大小,其元素的组成决定发射电压的大小(后文介绍)。当一颗“行星”释放的“发射磁场”强度小于另一颗“行星”的初始“发射磁场”强度时,它们之间的斥力就会被引力所掩盖。例如陨石发射的电磁场强度小于行星初始“发射电磁场”强度的极限,从而掩盖了彼此对抗产生的“发射磁场强度”所产生的斥力,陨石将被行星吸热产生的引力俘获。因此,“行星”之间能够产生斥力的“电磁场发射”强度必须大于“行星”之间初始“电磁场发射”的强度,否则排斥力就会被引力所掩盖,这就是“行星”能够捕获陨石的原因。

3.3对恒星和行星“引力和斥力平衡距离定律”的理解:

物质对热能的吸收和释放是一切吸引和排斥的源泉。由于恒星之间释放了大量的电磁能量,恒星之间的平衡距离非常大。行星间的电磁能量发射相对较小,因此行星间的平衡距离相对较小。恒星作为一个巨大的“实体”,对“热能”有着巨大的需求,表现在恒星在宇宙超级系统(如太阳系)的空间中吸收“热能”,以满足恒星对“热能”的强烈需求。由于恒星与行星的质量差异很大,行星受恒星吸热形成的引力控制。根据引力和斥力的平衡距离定律,行星成为恒星的卫星。由于行星间引力和斥力的相互依赖,恒星系统中所有行星都处于同一平面系统结构中,银河系恒星形成的平面系统结构原理是相同的。

综上所述:宇宙中恒星的“发射磁场强度”(斥力)和“吸收热能的能力”(万有引力)以及恒星之间的距离,在遵循恒星间“引力和斥力平衡距离定律”的基础上,决定了恒星在宇宙中的动态平衡位置,从而形成了整个宇宙中每颗恒星运行的平衡状态。

3.4揭示地球引力形成的原因:

地球是原子的集合体。对“引力与斥力平衡距离定律”的新认识。以原子为单位的短程张力的斥力现象在微原子之间是不容易看到的。这主要表现在相对微观体的远程吸收特性上,从而出现了微体(如空中飘浮的云)的相对凝聚效应,从而形成整个宏观地球自身物质的凝聚效应。通过这种被原子吸收的“热能”的凝聚效应,地球在太空中凝结,成为一个独立的行星。它遵循着从外层空间吸收“热能”来补充地球上的“实体”的要求。这种从外层空间吸收低能“热能”并将“热能”凝聚到地核的特性,构成了地球本身所有物质向心凝结的引力效应。地球从外层空间吸收的低能“热能”,是指其他“恒星”和“行星”向地球辐射的“热能”,以及存在于空间中的3K温度“热能”。

地球大气层受这种向心凝结的“热能”引力束缚,不会消散到太空中,因为地球大气层和地球上所有物质所含的“热能”远远高于太空中3K温度的“热能”。地球向心凝聚“热能”的向心凝聚引力效应,形成了地球上所有物质(地球上所有物质包括:地核、地幔、地壳、地球表面和大气的所有物质)的“向心凝聚引力”。同时,有一个规律,即从外层空间向地核凝结的“热能”浓度依次增大,而且越往地球方向,球中心的“热能”浓度越高。目前已知地核每公里温度升高1度,导致地核物质形成高温液相相变效应。这一观点揭示了地球热核心的自然奥秘。“热能”从外层空间凝聚到行星核心的引力效应,也是大质量恒星高温相变成液态或气态的根本原因。

热空气、孔明灯、热气球、氢气球、氦气球的升力是由浮力引起的。浮力大于地球的重力,这是一种升力现象。例如,由于木块在水中的浮力大于“地球的重力”,所以就有木块从水中产生向上的力的现象,这与热空气的浮力原理相同。因此,热空气的浮力和地球吸热的引力效应并不矛盾!

简言之,地球物质中的“实体”吸收“热能”向心凝聚引力效应,构成对地球所有物质的吸引力,因为地球上所有物质都含有热能,这就是地球引力形成的原因。

3.5揭示地球自转的原因:

在太阳系中,虽然太阳与地球处于“引力与斥力平衡距离定律”的空间中,但太阳与地球之间仍然存在着不平衡。也就是说,由于面向太阳一侧吸收的“热能”大于地球背面,因此从正面释放的电磁场强度大于地球背面,地球前部对太阳的斥力大于背面(排斥效应)。然而,地球阴的引力效应大于地球的阳引力效应。地球阴阳不同位置的引力和排斥效应构成了地球自转的源动力。地球通过这种自转换效应实现了引力和斥力的动态平衡,这是地球存在永久自转源动力的根本原因。

具体来说,地球早线区吸收太阳热量所产生的引力效应总是大于地球晚线区,地球晚线区向太阳发射的磁场对太阳的斥力总是大于地球早线区磁场的斥力,它构成了地球永久自转的力量。地球自转的动力效应是将不同位置的引力和斥力转化为位置效应,从而实现地球与太阳之间引力和斥力的动态平衡。这是说,虽然太阳和地球处于“引力与斥力的平衡距离定律”中,但地球阴阳面上的引力与斥力之间仍有细微差别,这使得地球永远存在自转源动力,这是地球自转源动力产生的根本原因。

3.6揭示椭圆轨道形成的原因和彗星的结构变化:

目前已经发现了1600多颗围绕太阳运行的彗星,其中最著名的是哈雷彗星。对于彗星的特殊椭圆轨道,本文认为它是由彗星与太阳之间的引力和斥力的变化引起的。虽然彗星在平衡状态下吸收和释放“热能”,但从彗星绕太阳的整个轨道来看,当彗星远离太阳处于“热能”含量较低的区域时,彗星中的“热能”含量就会减少。由于“引力定律”的存在依赖于物质原子之间对“热能”的吸收,所以“热能”含量低的彗星表现出凝聚力减弱、结构松散、彗星核变暗的效应。此时,低“热能”含量的彗星向具有太阳“热能”辐射源特征的恒星移动,从而获得“热能”的补充。当彗星移动到靠近太阳的区域时,它们从太阳释放的电磁辐射中获得大量“热能”。当彗星充满大量“热能”时,在太阳的斥力和彗星的“发射磁场”作用下,彗星被太阳排斥。在惯性力的作用下,在彗星与恒星的运动中,出现了围绕恒星的椭圆轨道。充满“热能”的彗星具有很高的“热能”含量。由于万有引力定律的存在,它依赖于物质原子之间对“热能”的吸收,这说明“热能”含量高的彗星具有较强的凝聚力,表现出彗星体收缩和彗星核亮度增强的效果。这是彗星椭圆轨道形成和结构变化的原因。

3.7揭示黑洞引力形成的原因:

物质是实体和热能的结合,具有结合的特点。所有的物质都含有热能,一个没有“热能”的“纯实体”根本不能称为“物质”,因为“纯实体”没有热能的参与就无法形成原子力的结构,“纯实体”就是宇宙黑洞中的“物质”,而黑洞中的这个“物质”就不能称之为物质,它只是一个单一的实体,因为宇宙黑洞中的“实体”对热能有很强的吸收作用,恒星发出的电磁辐射热能光被黑洞吞噬,这是宇宙中黑洞具有吸收特性的根本原因。本文将“黑洞”称为“黑体星”,将黑洞中的“单一实体”称为“黑体物质”。

关于黑洞的复活及其作为宇宙灭火器的作用的更多信息,请参考[3]。星系的诞生。星系的解体:与恒星元素形成“物质光态”的临界温度点有关[9],更多信息见[3]。

4.第四部分:物质世界磁场的新认识论

4.1.物质世界有两种磁场:

一是“发射磁场”:在物质世界中,无论质量(原子和恒星)大小,都有一个“发射磁场”,它不断吸收低“热能”,并不断“发射出强大的电磁辐射热能”。这种“发射磁场”实际上是“万有引力和斥力”存在的根本原因。这个“发射磁场”没有N,S极性。

另一种是具有N和S极性的磁场:这种磁场是由特定的原因形成的。它是由自身发射的“电磁辐射能”与自身回收的“电磁辐射能”形成的“回归场”,包括地球的N、s极性磁场和磁性材料的N、s极性磁场,这些磁场都有自己的发射和恢复特性。它们与物质之间的引力和斥力没有直接的关系,但它们之间有一种定向力的关系。

4.2地球“发射磁场”的形成及发射电压值的强度特征:

地球“发射磁场”的形成,是由于地球是原子的集合体,地球原子不断吸收外层空间的低“热能”,不断“发射出强电磁辐射的热能”,从而形成地球的“发射磁场”。地球的“发射磁场”没有南北极性。地球的“发射磁场”就是地球的“大地磁场”。发射的电磁能量通过远距离传输不断衰减,距离地球表面约3万公里。地球的大“发射磁场”就是与其他行星的“发射磁场”产生斥力的磁场。这个磁场遵循“恒星间引力和斥力之间的平衡距离定律”。地球物质的“发射电磁场”吸收外层空间的低热能,并聚集到地核,这是地球引力形成的原因。

地球大“发射磁场”的发射电压是多少?根据本文对地球物质引力形成原因的认识,地球的核心不是重元素核反应,地球物质元素的组成整体上应该大致相同,所以在地球表面测得的地球元素组成也是地球元素的组成。由于地球物质主要由8种元素组成,占总重量的97.13%,元素周期表中8种元素的排列顺序为:8氧、11钠、12镁、13铝、14硅、19钾、20钙、26铁。根据前面介绍的元素周期表中元素的排列顺序,也是每个元素的“饱和电压值”逐渐升高的顺序。因此,“地发射电磁场”中的发射电压值应为第26铁“元素”在8个“元素”最高位置的“饱和电压值”强度特征。由于地球上有少量比铁“元素”大的重元素,这些重元素对地球发射的电磁场电压值具有向上调节作用。根据释放电离空气在地球空间产生臭氧所需的2500V电压,我们可以看到地球空间放电电压的大小。地面电压低于2500V的电能不能向空间放电,不能通过非接触方式传递电流,只能通过接触方式传导电流。在地球空间中,地面电压大于2500V的电能可以通过非接触方式在空间中传输。地球物质元素的组成决定了地球的2500V发射电压。作者注意到了一个独特的巧合现象,也许我们找到了另一条科学真理的路径:发现地球电离空气的2500V电压值与元素周期表中铁元素26的顺序高度一致。因此,笔者提出了一个大胆的新认识:在元素周期表中,从氢的“饱和电压值”0开始,每递增一位“饱和电压值”都增加100V,氦的“饱和电压值”为100V,以此类推。元素周期表中铁元素的阶数为26,那么“铁元素实体”的“饱和电压值”2500v,“饱和电压值”2500v与上述“地发射磁场”形成的2500V“截止电压值”高度一致。根据这一定律,铀92的“饱和电压”为9100v,远高于地球的电压。因此,当铀元素超过其“饱和热能电压”向太空发射电磁辐射时,就会出现大于地球电压的强放射性现象。由于铀92的重元素排列在元素周期表的高位,它是一个具有“高饱和热能”的“实体”。重元素铀92的“实体”具有从外部空间吸收大量热能并储存大量热能的能力,以满足重元素“实体”自身“高度饱和热能”的需求。因此,重元素的“高饱和热能”特性决定了重元素具有恒定的高热现象。这一观点揭示了重元素具有高热能和高放射性的原因。

静电高压不是由正负电荷的分离距离引起的,因为同一物质之间的摩擦产生相同电荷的高压静电,正负电荷的分离距离没有条件,我们发现静电是以千伏为单位的,因为地球的“电磁场发射”在地球的空间中产生了电压。当电压低于这个值时,它被地面上的电压屏蔽,我们找不到静电。只有当电压大于这个值时,我们才能发现静电的存在,这才是发现静电是几千伏的真正原因。

总之,地球物质元素的组成决定了地球“发射磁场”的发射电压值。根据磁性物质形成的原因,它与铁26、钴27、镍28和铜29等元素有关(如下所示)。元素的发射电压值是“铁的饱和值,初始发射电压在2500V到2900V之间,地球“发射磁场”中发射的电磁能的大小由地球物质的含量和吸收释放的热能决定,地球不断地向外层空间发射这种电压强度的地球“电磁场”。发射后,在3K空间温度热能通过远距离传输的阻尼阻力作用下,距离地球表面约3万公里。这就是地球“发射磁场”的特征。它也是地球物质原子向外太空发射电磁辐射时的约束电压。热空气不是电,因为它低于地球的2500-2900v电压值。热空气只是我们对热能集中的感知。

4.3地球“南北极NS磁场”和“范艾伦辐射带”形成的原因:

为什么地球的“发射磁场”中还有另一个“南北极的NS磁场”?答案是:因为地球的北极总是面向银河系的中心,而地球的南极则相反,所以来自银河系中心的电磁热能总是大于南极,这导致地球北极的温度总是高于南极。因此,当来自银河系中心的电磁辐射能量进入地球北极时,面向银河系中心的地球北极成为电磁辐射能量入射端的“地磁s极”,而对应的地球南极则成为辐射源的“地磁场N”。这一观点揭示了“地磁场N”和“地磁场S”的形成。

地球沿“磁场NS”方向的电磁能量很小,原因是地球物质不仅由8种元素组成,占地球总重量的97.13%。但也对应着2.87%的其他元素,包括大于铁的重元素(本文中,大于铁的元素统称为重元素)。由于地球发出以铁元素“饱和电压值”强度为特征的“发射磁场”,地球发射的“铁电压值强度”的电磁辐射能量与重元素“高饱和热能”相比,是低压弱电能,因此,比铁元素大的重元素材料具有吸收“地磁场”中电磁辐射能量的能力。当地球的重元素吸收地球发射的电磁辐射能量时,它也具有与“地球磁场”相同的“n,s极性”的方向性特征,形成了“范艾伦辐射带”中地球磁场电磁能量的回归特征。由于地球总重量的97.13%由8种元素组成,而地球中重元素的含量很小,具有地球南北极性特征的“范艾伦辐射带”中的电磁回归能量是很小的一部分,这就形成了“范艾伦辐射带”中地球南北极磁场中电磁能量小的特点。

4.4地球“磁极点”呈现南北两极每年小圆运动的动态规律的原因

就是地球的北极总是面向“银河系中心”,北极成为电磁能量入射地球的“地磁S”,地球南极相应地成为发射端的“地磁N”。因此,当地球接收到来自银河系中心的电磁能量时,由于地球绕太阳旋转一年,“磁极点”在一年内在北极和南极以一个小圆圈的形式变化。这一观点揭示了“磁极点”呈现南北两极全年小圈运动动态规律的自然奥秘。

4.5地球上磁性物质N、S极磁场的形成原因:

通过研究地球上所有的磁性材料,我发现了一个惊人的现象:地球上所有的磁性材料都至少含有一种铁、钴、镍和铜元素。让我们看看地球上所有软磁和硬磁材料的组成:磁铁矿(Fe3O4),铁磁性材料,即铁、钴、镍、坡合金(78.5%镍,21.5%铁);硅铜;纯铁;碳铜;钨钢;铝、钴、镍、磁钢(al-Nico),铁氧体永磁材料(BaFe12O19、SrFe12O19)、稀土永磁材料(SmCo5、Sm2Co17、Nd-Fe-B)。为什么磁性材料至少含有铁、钴、镍和铜的一种元素,而只对应于吸引铁、钴、镍和铜的铁磁现象(稍后讨论)?这是什么原因?当你看元素周期表中这些元素的顺序,你会发现铁26,钴27,镍28,铜29的顺序等于或大于铁26。根据元素周期表中元素的排列顺序,各元素的饱和电压逐渐增大,对原子模型中粒子动态迁移过程中热能的吸收和释放有了新的认识。从原子模型的深入研究可以看出,原子发射的电磁辐射频率是由每个元素的饱和电压与原子的外部约束电压之差决定的。压差越小,原子发射的电磁辐射频率就越高。当“物质元素”的饱和电压与地球的约束电压相同时,电磁辐射能量会产生高频发射。所发射的电磁辐射能量将被相同饱和电压能量值的“实体”的需求特性重新吸收回来,从而直接满足实体对自身饱和热能的需求,然后超过自身饱和热能的电压值将再次释放。因此,磁性材料自身发射和回收的电磁能量在环流场中呈现出N极性和s极性的特征现象,这是Fe、Co、Ni、Cu等元素N、s极场返回特殊性的原因。实际上,磁性材料的磁力线是电磁辐射能量自恢复的返回路径。

综上所述,由于含有这些“物质实体元素”的“饱和热能电压值”与“地球约束电压值”相同,因此存在着电磁辐射能量的高频发射和自恢复现象。这本质上是“实体”和“热能”的内在结合,也是饱和电压值等于约束电压值的原因。具体来说,由于铁、钴、镍、铜的饱和电压值与地球发射的饱和电压值相同,这些“物质元素”不仅直接释放地电压值的电磁能,而且还具有直接吸收自身发射电压值的电磁能量的特点。因此,吸收地球电压值电磁能量的特性使得这些磁性材料具有识别地球南北磁极方向的特殊性,即指南针的特性。

虽然磁性材料在“磁极N和磁极s”之间发射并回收了2500 V(约)的高压电能,但由于它处于地球2500V(约)的高压能量场中,所以它们具有相同的等电位(即相同的电压),因此,我们无法感知“磁极N和磁极s”之间的2500V(约)高压电,我们只能通过磁性材料的磁力线窥视磁极N和磁极s之间发射和回收的电磁辐射能量的返回现象,因为我们无法观察到磁性材料的高压电性质的存在,所以我们将其归因于磁场。正是因为返回电磁辐射能量的磁性材料“极N和极s”的电压处于相同的等效地球发射电压中,所以我们很难识别磁场的真实面目!

4.6磁性材料铁磁性的原因:

为什么磁性材料有吸引铁、钴、镍和铜的铁磁现象?原因是磁性材料具有吸收地球发射电压能量的特性,因为在铁、钴、镍和铜的物质中,这些元素的“中子”中隐含着与地球发射电压能量相同的“饱和电压值能量”,由于这些物质元素的“饱和热能”与“实体”是分不开的,因此,磁性材料吸收地球发射电压能量的特性产生了含有地球发射电压能量的物质元素的相应吸引特性,也就是说,直接吸引铁、钴、镍和铜元素的铁磁性现象。铁磁性元素是铁、钴、镍和铜。1993年在美国发现的铜磁性材料符合这一理论。

5.第五部分:物质世界电场的新认识论

5.1空间3K温度现象的原因。对“以太”的新认识:

宇宙中的每一颗“恒星”都不断地向外层空间发射电磁辐射。电磁热能在宇宙传播过程中衰变后,分布在宇宙空间,形成以宇宙为背景的3K温度现象。笛卡尔提出的电磁波介质“以太”的本质是宇宙中独立存在的3K温度“热能”。“以太”的本质是“热能”。

5.2对光的波粒二象性的新认识:

对光粒子性质的新认识:没有“实体”的参与,纯电磁辐射光中就没有粒子的性质,而这种光能大部分是“冷光能”。在“实体”的参与下,电磁辐射的光能中存在粒子,其中大部分是“热光能”。

光波动力学的新认识:当电磁辐射光能的传播路径中不存在热介质阻尼和拖曳效应时,光将沿直线传播,这是我们理论理解中理想的黑体辐射。当电磁辐射光能在传播路径上具有热能(或热能电压场)介质阻尼和拖动作用时,电磁辐射光能的波动同时出现,光中的热能从电磁辐射能量中释放出来,光中的热能会衰减。电磁辐射的X射线沿直线传播的原因是相对高压路径上的电阻太小。

5.3对空间“电磁辐射”的“电阻”的新认识如下:

1902年2月,在美国航线的“波特休”和“费拉德尔菲亚”之间发现了不利于无线电波长距离传播的“白夜效应”,即无线电波在夜间的传播范围是白天的两倍多,这是热介质最有力的证明。这种“白夜效应”是由白天和夜间高浓度和低浓度的“热”引起的。白天,电磁辐射沿路径传播,“热介质”的电阻比夜间高。根据“白夜效应”中间路径热能的变化引起无线电波不同衰减的事实,宇宙中3K“热”的存在是恒星光衰减的原因。

“热能”是“电磁辐射”传播路径上的“阻力”。热能浓度越高,电阻越大;反之,热能浓度越低,电阻越小。行星“电磁辐射”中的“热能电压场”是“电磁辐射”传播路径上较强的阻力。太阳与地球发射的“热能电压场”的斥力是使太阳光进入地磁空间时形成一个强大的电阻,使太阳光释放出大量的热能。在太阳与地球之间的中间路径上,只有3K的热微电阻,接近超导电性,因此太阳光不能释放出大量的热能。

5.4对电和电磁辐射的新认识:

电和电磁辐射是相同的基本属性。当电磁辐射在特定介质“导体”中传播时,它就是电流。当电在“非导体”介质中传播时,它是电磁辐射,相当于在空间中流动的电流。

导体新认识:特定介质“导体”是指能降低介质中电压值的介质。特定介质“导体”的本质是“导体”内部有大量缺乏热能的电子。通过电子吸收“导体”内部的热能,使“导体”内部出现比“导体”外部更低的电压环境,因此,当电磁辐射出现在“约束导向”的低压通道中传导电磁辐射时,我们可以看到电流(电磁辐射)在“导体”中流动。

对非导体的新认识:“非导体”(包括空间、空气、绝缘体等),由于这些介质中电子不多,内部电压值不能降低,而通道“非导体”没有低电压值。由于“非导体”介质的内部电压值与外部电压值相同,不存在能够限制和引导电磁辐射能量性传导的低压通道。只有高于“非导体”内外电压的高压电磁辐射能量才能通过,而“非导体”介质具有热能,对通过的电磁辐射能量产生阻尼和阻力作用,从而释放热能,导致电磁辐射能量在传播路径上不断衰减和波动。

5.5导线切割磁力线产生的连续电流的新认识:

在理解了以上对NS极磁场和导体的新认识后,最后讨论了在NS极磁场中,导体通过切割磁力线连续产生电流的问题。因为NS磁场是从N极发射,然后从S极回收电磁辐射能量的返回场,导体是一个内部电压值小于导体外部电压值的低压通道。因此,当具有低压通道的导体切断并阻断NS极磁场中的磁力线,即切割返回电磁辐射能量时,相当于在导体上施加一种大于导体中电压值的高压电能,从而,电磁辐射沿NS极回流的高压电能进入导体,通过导体的低压通道输出,从而形成我们所看到的电流现象。电流不断产生的原因是,从上述讨论可知,“N”极和“S”极磁场发射和吸收的电磁辐射电压能量的大小与地球发射的相同。因此,导体切断了通过导体的磁场线所损失的这些电压能量的电流。通过N极和S极磁性材料,它们具有吸收地球电压能量的特性。在地球发射的电磁场中,它们可以通过摄取获得连续的补充,从而为导体提供连续的电流。事实上,导体切割磁力线产生电流的根本原因在于法拉第科学巨人的实践:人类将地球“发射磁场”中的电磁能通过Ns磁铁转化为低压导体通道加以利用。这是对地球发射的电磁能的利用。这是法拉第,一位伟大的实验科学家,对我们的伟大贡献。但法拉第不知道导体切断磁力线时,左右手定则方向性的原因。关于左右手规则方向性的原因,详见[3]

总之,电和电磁辐射是相同的本质属性。当高压电磁能作用于低压介质中传播时,热能遵循电压特性的传播规律。唯一的区别是电是在特定的低压“导体”介质中传播的,而电磁辐射是在非特定介质“非导体”中传播的,所以电流和电磁辐射本质上是一样的,电量就是热能的含量。电磁辐射也可以称为在无约束空间中流动的电流。

6.第六部分:21世纪物理学新理论体系的科学意义

21世纪物理学新理论体系”将加速人类从“地球文明时代”走向“宇宙文明时代”[1-2]!在新理论体系中每个行星都向外太空“发射电磁场”的理论指导下,作者设计了高压放电体对地球放电产生的升力的实验结果[12-13],具有重要的意义和应用价值。本实验基于地球“电磁场”向外太空放电与高压放电体放电之间的斥力引起的升力现象。这是一种利用行星间“引力与斥力平衡距离定律”克服地球引力的方法,见图1。它是一种利用“星间引力斥力原理”作为动力性能的航天器[1-2][10]。这种航天器利用“星间引力斥力原理”的动力学性能,将能够在行星间自由飞行。

QQ截图20200414122903.png

                           图1.空间飞碟原理样机示意图(详见说明书[10])

未来,随着高压放电飞行器放电能量的提高,当人类成功研制出由电磁推进驱动、在星际空间漫游的“太空飞碟”[10-14]时,人类往返各个星球都将变得更加方便。它将开创星际空间飞行器的新时代!随着人类向宇宙深处发展,人类将从地球文明时代走向宇宙文明时代!届时,随着人类向宇宙深处发展,智慧人类的视野将放眼整个宇宙,不会为了争夺地球上有限的资源而引发核战争!为了避免人类在大规模核战争中遭到毁灭的命运,迫切需要加快电磁推进动力“太空飞碟”的研究[1-2]!这是人类生存权赋予我们的神圣使命!为了加快电磁推进“航天飞碟”的研究进程,作者寻求国际社会的合作!我希望人类太空的奇迹早日到来!

参考文献

[1] Jiang Hua Zhou . 2020 J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 1634 012103. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1634/1/012103

[2] Jiang Hua Zhou .ICIEI 2020: Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Information and Education Innovations July 2020 Pages:89–95.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1145/3411681.3411687

[3] 周江华。21世纪物理学研究新视野。吉林:科学技术出版社,2005年:第1-241页。

[4] 周江华。物质世界自然科学真理的揭示。科技创新,2018年,32137-143页。

[5] Jiang Hua Zhou "Reveal the cause of the formation of gravity", Proc. SPIE 11455, Sixth Symposium on Novel Optoelectronic Detection Technology and Applications, 114554L (17 April 2020).DOI: https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2564978

[6] 诺贝尔奖获得者演讲集,物理学(第一卷)。宋玉升、李新章、惠和兴、汪康懋等译。科学出版社,1985年。

[7] 周江华。同种物质摩擦都产生同性负电荷的实验现象与解释。军械工程学院学报(中国物理学会第九届静电学术会议论文集)。2000年,第12卷(补编):第295-298页。

[8] 北京电视台报道了1167集《科技全方位》2005512日,标题:我想获得“诺贝尔奖”同一物质摩擦产生的相同电荷的实验现象。 http://www.21ufo.com/h-nd-12.html#_np=2_307

[9] 周江华。物质光的存在是第五种物理状态吗?潜科学。19905):第7-13页。

[10] 周江华。21世纪人飞碟研制方案。科技与企业。20151):第243-246页。

[11] 周江华。21世纪电磁推进动力飞行器研制方案。科技风。201832):1-8

[12] 有关实验的视频,请访问网站:21世纪国际物理网。网站:

http://www.21ufo.com/h-pr.html .

[13] 中华中央电视台《周江华不明飞行物研究报告》(见以下视频:1:45-3:40),2010215日。 http://www.21ufo.com/h-nd-7.html#_np=2_307

[14] 周江华。航天飞碟:中国专利,2014106932673,公告日:2015513日,公告号:cn104608930a








New theoretical system of physics in the 21st century

Jiang Hua Zhou

P. O. Box 2-3-2403, hai bi tai, Qinhuangdao City, Hebei Province, China 066000.Tel:0086-18003352823.E-mail:1092375690@qq.com.

Abstract: In 2000, the author published a new discovery about the same-sex charge produced by friction of the same substance at the ninth electrostatic academic conference of Chinese physical society. For this important new experimental discovery, the author puts forward a new understanding of "positive and negative charges" and finds a new theory to explain all electrostatic effects.   Based on the subversive new understanding of "matter", "entity" and "heat energy", a new understanding of "particle charge dynamic atomic model" is initiated. It is clarified that the relationship between "entity" and "heat energy" is the root of the existence of gravitation and repulsion between matter, The law of equilibrium distance between gravity and repulsion is put forward. This paper reveals the causes of the formation of the earth's gravity and many phenomena of attraction and repulsion force   in the universe and so on. In the fields of gravitational field, magnetic field, electric field and so on, a series of important scientific problems have been revealed! The establishment of the new theoretical system provides a new vision for solving "all physical problems"! The new theoretical system consists of six parts: the first part introduces the reasons for the establishment of the "new theoretical system", the second part proposes a new basic epistemology of the material world, the third part is a new epistemology of the gravitational repulsion field, the fourth part is a new epistemology of the magnetic field, and the fifth part is a new epistemology of the electric field, and the sixth part expounds the scientific significance of the new theoretical system. Starting from a new perspective of the basic composition of "entity" and "heat energy" in the material world, this paper makes a new understanding of matter, entity, heat energy, atom, element, gravity, repulsion, magnetic field and electric field, Established 21st century physics new theoretical system, Material world: "entity" and "heat energy" constitute "unified field theory". Scientific research needs a new vision to expand the subjective human thought's understanding of the objective nature. The establishment of this new theoretical system may lead to a new physics revolution in the 21st century.                                         Keywords:21st century; physics; new theoretical system; material world; matter; entity; heat energy; constitution; unified field theory.                                                       

1. Part I: Reasons For The Establishment Of The New Theoretical System

With the rapid development of the earth's civilization, human beings have turned their eyes to the depths of the universe. In the 21st century, whether human beings can realize the interstellar voyage depends on the breakthrough development of scientific theory. The author published a paper on "the revolution of basic physics research will usher in a new era of interstellar space vehicle research" [1], hoping that human beings can go further on the road of interstellar voyage!

At present, the basic theory of physics is based on the gain and loss theory of electrons. However, according to the author's research for many years, the phenomenon of "different charge produced by friction of different materials" is one-sided. In fact, the same material friction will produce the same charge, so the theoretical system based on one-sided experimental phenomenon is necessarily unscientific. Based on these new experimental phenomena, the author puts forward a new viewpoint.

This paper is the follow-up of the author's monographs "new vision of physics research in the 21st century" [2], "revealing the truth of Natural Science in the material world" [3] and "revealing the cause of gravity formation" [4]. The author systematically reviews the "new theoretical system of Physics" which has been studied for 31 years! We hope to find a new way for human beings to seek the truth of natural science!

Historically,   Professor E. Edlund, a physicist at the Swedish Academy of Sciences, had different views on the understanding of charge internal dynamics[5]. Since professor E. Edlund did not find the same-sex charge produced by friction of the same substance at that time, his understanding of the dynamic nature of the charge was abandoned. In fact, the mainstream "electronic gain and loss theory" that dominates our thinking can not stand up to careful scrutiny.   At present,   The generation of triboelectrification is considered to be the loss of some extranuclear electrons in the friction process of one substance, and it is actually unreasonable for these electrons to be obtained by another substance.

First of all, the atoms are very small, and the height of the superposition of two million atoms is about the same as the thickness of one page of an ordinary book. No one and no instrument in the world can master the micro force friction technology that only erases the electrons outside the ultra-small atomic nucleus without damaging the atomic nucleus. In the triboelectrification experiment, the greater the friction force, the faster the friction, the stronger the static electricity, which will cause thousands of atoms to fall off. Because the atom is too small, the diameter of the atom is only about one millionth of a millimeter, the strong friction can not only lead to the fall off of electrons outside the nucleus. At present, the micro force friction technology that only erases electrons on an atom with a diameter of only one millionth of a millimeter is difficult to achieve at the level of human technology. The micro force friction technology that only erases electrons on an atom with a diameter of one millionth of a millimeter is not inferior to the technology of human landing on the moon.   Therefore, the theory of triboelectrification caused by the gain and loss of electrons is difficult to realize in practical experiments! There is a serious gap between theory and practice, and the gain and loss theory of electron lacks experimental support.

Secondly, in the past experiments,   we only pay attention to the phenomenon of opposite charge produced by friction between different substances, and we do not pay attention to the phenomenon of same-sex charge produced by friction between the same substances . The reason is that the theory of gains and losses of electrons fetters our thinking and leads us to a wrong direction.We are always doing the experiment of friction and electrification between different substances, and abandoning the experiment of friction between the same substances. The fact that making the same matter friction to produce the same-sex charge is extremely easy to find has never been recognized.   The charge of the same-sex charge generated by the friction between the same substance is not generated in a special environment or in a certain substance alone, but the objective law commonly existing in the same substance (refers: to the substance that is electrified by friction). It is this fact that goes against the theory of electron gain and loss. Wrong theory will lead to science's misdirection, which is not conducive to the discovery and development of new science.

For a long time, in order to maintain the theory of gain and loss of electrons, the physics circle only pays attention to the phenomenon that different substances produce different charges by friction, but ignores the phenomenon that the same charges are produced by friction between the same substances, so that the physical laws are based on one-sided practical phenomena, without a comprehensive objective understanding, which leads to a series of deviation of subsequent understanding of truth Wrong way of knowing. With the in-depth study of physicist E. Edlund's idea of "charge essence dynamics", we will be surprised to find that it can not only explain the experimental phenomenon of the same-sex charge produced by the friction of the same matter, but also find a new theory to explain all the electrostatic effects , thus establishing a "new physical theoretical system" and revealing many major scientific problems of human understanding of the material world. It includes the discovery of the causes of gravity .   the solution of these problems greatly exceeds the interpretation ability of existing theories [2]. This paper has solved a series of major scientific problems that perplex the development of human science.

The new theoretical system of physics introduced by the author, It's been a long 31 years for the author (1989-2020) theory and Experiment The study of Process! 31 years in a row   has published many papers, In July 2005,   published the monograph "new vision of physics research in the 21st century" [2]. In 2020, the establishment of a new theoretical system has finally completed [1-4].

2. Part Ii: New Basic Epistemology Of The Material World

In 2000, the author published a new discovery on the experimental phenomenon of the same-sex charge produced by friction of the same substance at the ninth electrostatic academic conference of Chinese Physical Society [6-7]. In view of this important new experimental discovery, the author puts forward a new viewpoint different from the "electron gain and loss theory" to explain the generation of "positive and negative charges", and explains this new experimental phenomenon with a new viewpoint. Then through the new understanding of "matter", "entity" and "heat energy", we have a new thinking of "atomic model", and get a new "particle charge dynamic atomic model". According to the new understanding of "particle charge dynamic atomic model", in the following part of the understanding of the universal attraction and repulsion of matter, it is clarified that the relationship between "entity" and "heat energy" is the root of attraction and repulsion between matter. The law of equilibrium distance of attraction and repulsion between matter (atomsstars) is put forward, which reveals the cause of gravity and many phenomena of attraction and repulsion in the universe.

The following is the author's highly summary of the core idea of "new theoretical system of physics in the 21st century": The material world is composed of two basic types of "substance attribute" of "entity" and "heat energy". entity and thermal energy have the inherent characteristics of combination, and the combination of entity and thermal energy forms substance. "Heat energy" exists objectively and truly in the material world. Heat is not made by motion. There are different entities in the material world. Different entities are arranged in the order of the periodic table of elements. "particle charge dynamic atom model" is the reason for the formation of "atomic material world". The new basic epistemology of the material world mainly includes the new epistemology of "the material world is composed of entity and heat energy" and the new epistemology of "particle charge dynamic atom model".

2.1 The new epistemology of "the material world is composed of entity and heat energy"

2.1.1 New understanding of "substance, heat energy and entity":

The understanding of "matter": There are two basic types of the material world: "substance attribute entity" " and "substance attribute heat energy ". Matter is composed of "entity" and "heat energy". The combination of them can produce the structure of atomic force and synthesize matter. That is to say, the combination of "entity" and "heat energy" can produce the atomic structure and become the   "matter" with atomic force structure. Note: "material property" refers to the existence of material property, but has not yet formed the state of material,They are the components of matter.

Understanding of "thermal energy": The concentration of "thermal energy" is expressed in terms of temperature. The higher the temperature, the greater the concentration of "thermal energy". There is 3K thermal energy in the vacuum of the universe, which exists in nature. Heat energy is not created by movement. The appearance of heat energy in material movement is just a phenomenon that highlights the hidden heat energy in material.

Understanding of "heat energy has two transmission characteristics":   One is the high-pressure heat energy,   which propagates in the low-pressure heat energy according to the "voltage characteristic mode",   that is,the current and electromagnetic radiation propagate at the speed of light,   This is the propagation characteristic of "high pressure and strong heat energy". That is to say, the "mode of voltage characteristic" propagation of light speed is the unique propagation characteristic of "high voltage and strong heat energy". The other is that when the low-pressure heat energy propagates in the high-pressure heat energy,heat energy it propagates slowly in the high-pressure heat energy according to the "concentration diffusion mode".

New understanding of "entity": An element represents an entity, and different elements represent different entities. In order to distinguish different entities, the names of elements can be added before entities, such as "iron entity", "copper entity", "gold entity", etc. there are different "element entities" in the material world. When various "entities" as different "element entities" are combined with different concentrations of "heat energy", various "element entities" have different "saturated heat energy" and accordingly generate different "saturated heat energy voltage value". In this paper, the "saturated thermal energy voltage value" in various "entities" is called "standard voltage energy value". In the "neutrons" of each "entity", there is a "standard voltage energy value", which represents the different saturation characteristics of different "entities" combined with thermal energy. The characteristic of "standard voltage energy value" of each "entity" is that each "entity" has different fixed emission voltage value when emitting heat energy. The "standard voltage energy value" of each "entity" determines the emission voltage intensity of its "emission magnetic field". This is the fundamental reason that every "element entity" has the sign of roentgen radiation phenomenon.

2.1.2New understanding of "periodic table of elements":

With the increase of the permutation order of the elements in the periodic table, the "saturated thermal energy" of the "element entity" increases in turn, and the "saturated voltage" of the "element entity" increases accordingly. Each material element "neutron" has a "standard voltage energy value",Each material element a "standard voltage energy value".In my opinion, the establishment of periodic table of elements is to irradiate various elements with strong X-ray and activate their respective "standard voltage energy value" implied in each element "neutron". When the "standard voltage energy value" of each "element entity" is activated, different wavelength laws are formed under the damping resistance of "earth voltage energy [2]" during propagation, so that each element presents its own secondary X-ray phenomenon, that is, the phenomenon marking roentgen radiation. The existence of "standard voltage energy value" of each element is the root cause of "marked roentgen radiation".According to the different wavelengths of secondary X-rays in each element, the periodic table of elements is established. The establishment of periodic table of elements proves that there are different entities in the material world. This understanding reveals the natural mystery that material elements can establish the periodic table for us.

2.2 New theories explaining all electrostatic effects:

In the long history of human physics, people are only doing experiments of friction and electrification between different substances, never testing and studying whether the friction of the same substance is charged. However, as long as we do experiments, we can find the experimental phenomenon of the same charge produced by friction of the same substance [6-7]. In particular, it should be pointed out that the premise of obtaining the experimental results of the same charge generated by friction between the same substances is to ensure the consistency of the friction electrification experimental materials [6-7]. It is difficult to explain the experimental fact that the same charge is produced by friction of the same substance with the gain and loss theory of electron, which challenges the gain and loss theory of electron.

It is difficult to explain that the same charge is produced by the friction of the same substance with the existing theory of electron gain and loss. Therefore, a new explanation method is proposed. The new point of view is that the positive charge of matter is the phenomenon of positive charge when the "heat energy" in the "entity" is surplus, and the negative charge of matter is the phenomenon of negative charge when the "heat energy" in the "entity" is lacking. The neutral charge is the phenomenon of neutral charge when the thermal energyin the "entity"   is saturated. The essence of electrostatic effect is the charge characteristic of the unbalance state of the combination of "entity" and "thermal energy". This view is the development of the physicist E. Edlund's idea of the dynamic nature of charge.

Reasons for the same charge produced by friction of the same substance: Because the same substance has the same ability to absorb heat energy, it shows that there is no gain or loss of heat energy on the two friction surfaces of the same substance after friction, but because the surface structure of the substance is damaged, the "heat energy" spills out or absorbs, so it shows that the two friction surfaces of the same substance only carry the same charge. That is to say, the friction between the same materials is destroyed due to the surface structure of the materials. When the surface of the material emitting the lost heat energy shows the state of lacking heat energy,it shows the experimental phenomenon of having the same negative charge ,shown by heat dissipation. On the contrary, the friction between the same materials is destroyed due to the surface structure of the materials. When the surface of the materials absorbing heat energy presents the state of excess heat energy. it shows the experimental phenomenon of positive charge with the same sexshown by the heat absorption. ote: obtain the experimental results of the same charge generated by friction between the same substance, provided that the consistency of the friction electrification experimental material is guaranteed [6-7].

The reason for the different charge produced by friction of different substances: Although the surface structure of different materials is damaged and the heat energy overflows, the different materials have different heat energy absorption capacity, which results in the gain and loss of heat energy effect between different entities, thus the two friction surfaces of different materials have different characteristics of positive and negative charges.

The reason why the opposite charges attract each other: Because the negative charge is the "entity" lack of "thermal energy" state, while the positive charge is the "thermal energy" surplus state of "entity". Because of the inherent combination characteristics of "thermal energy" and "entity" in the material world, the characteristics of complementary combination of "entity" and "thermal energy" between different charges constitute the characteristic phenomenon of mutual attraction between different charges.

The reasons for the mutual repulsion between the same charges are as follows: There is no complementarity between the same-sex charges because they are in the state of "thermal energy" deficiency (between negative charges) or "thermal energy" excess (between positive charges). And it has the same "substance attribute"   Ingestion, that is: negative charges have the property of ingesting "heat energy", positive charges have the property of ingesting "entity", which constitutes the repulsion and avoidance between the same-sex charges, thus showing the phenomenon of the same-sex repulsion.

The reason why the charged bodies with positive and negative charges attract the matter: The negative charge which is lack of "heat energy" has the ability to absorb "heat energy", and the surplus heat energy of positive charge has the ability to absorb "entity". Because matter is the combination of "entity" and "heat energy", it has its own needs, so the positive and negative charges constitute the attraction of matter.

2.3 Re understanding of "heat and mass theory"

In the long history of human physics, the debate about the nature of heat begins with the old understanding of the theory of heat quality. Later, there is the view of "thermal theory of dynamic manufacturing" (i.e. thermal theory of molecular motion). At present, the view of "thermal theory of dynamic manufacturing" prevails, which is mainly based on the following two experiments: in 1798, Benjamin Thompson put forward the "experiment of drill hole temperature rise". In 1799, Humphrey Davy proposed the "ice melting experiment of temperature rise of water formed by friction between ice and ice". These two experiments are not enough to deny the fact that "heat energy" is the objective existence of the material world. The reasons for these two warming experiments are as follows:

According to this paper, the materialis composed of "heat energy" and "entity", and "heat energy" and "entity" have the characteristics of combination, and all substances contain "heat energy". In this paper, it is considered that all the phenomena of friction   heat generation are due to the destruction of the atomic structure of matter through friction, which releases the "heat energy" from the destroyed atomic structure.

"Drill hole" and "friction between ice and ice" are destroying the atomic structure of matter. Therefore, the "heat energy" is released from the atomic structure of the material, The "heat energy" released from the material atom is continuously absorbed and supplemented from the outer space of the material through the "entity" in the atom, In this way, the "heat energy" is continuously released through constant friction, and then the "entity" continuously absorbs and supplements the "heat energy", which forms the constant heating phenomenon of the friction body, This is the reason of friction heat generation.

In the view of this paper, these two experiments are not enough to deny the fact that heat energy is the objective existence of the material world, because today, when human beings understand the existence of 3K universe temperature in the vast space, the concept of "motion creates heat energy" seems to be unconvincing. Ask the theory of motion heat generation, what is it that always moves in the space to maintain the 3K universe temperature phenomenon, someone will It's caused by cosmic ray, but it doesn't know that cosmic ray itself is the phenomenon of transmitting the objective heat energy in the material world.

Another example: for a cup of water heated by fire, I think it is the "heat energy" injected into the water that causes the movement of water molecules. It is the "heat energy" that causes the movement, not the "heat energy" created by the movement of water. The objective and real existence of "heat energy" in the material world is not created by the movement of water.

2.4 The new epistemology of "particle charge dynamic atom model":

According to the viewpoint that "substance" is composed of "entity" and "heat energy" and has combination characteristics, when the heat energy in the particle body is insufficient, the particle presents negative charge (such as electron), when the heat energy in the particle body is saturated, the particle presents neutral charge (such as neutron), when the heat energy in the particle body is excess, the particle presents positive charge (such as proton). This view is the development of E. Edlund's understanding of the mutual transformation of positive and negative charges.

The "dynamic atomic model of particle positive and negative charge change in atom" (hereinafter referred to as "dynamic atomic model of particle charge")is that the negative charge "electron" which lacks heat energy absorbs heat energy outside the atomic nucleus, and the negative charge of "electron" itself weakens with the increase of heat energy contained in the "electron" entity, while the "electron" rotates around the atomic nucleus (see reference [2] for the reason of electron rotation around the nucleus and the reason of rotation vector.), a large number of "electrons" with weakened negative electricity are attracted by the "entity" in the nucleus due to the increase of heat energy, and move towards the near region of the nucleus and assemble into larger particles. When the thermal energy of these large particles is saturated, they enter the nuclear shell area and become neutral charged "neutrons". The thermal energy continues to combine with the solid "neutrons". When the thermal energy of "neutrons" is surplus, they become positively charged "protons" and enter the atomic nucleus. When the voltage value generated by the continuous combination of "proton" and thermal energy is greater than the value of the external constraint voltage (the value of the external constraint voltage refers to the voltage value existing in the electromagnetic radiation emitted from the planet to outer space, see reference [2-4]), the thermal energy in "proton" will follow the "voltage characteristic mode" to emit electromagnetic radiation towards the outside of the atom at the speed of light. After the "proton" releases the heat energy, the large particle body migrates and decomposes to the outside of the nucleus due to the need of absorbing the heat energy.   This natural decomposition effect is a kind of phenomenon which is conducive to the absorption of "heat energy" by the "entity". Thus, the phenomenon of "proton" breaking down and injecting particles outside the nucleus after losing heat energy is formed. These particles injected outside the nucleus become "electrons" outside the nucleus again. These solid particles have dynamic migration effect all the time. In the process of dynamic migration, when the "proton" stores heat energy before the electromagnetic radiation is emitted, the particle stagnation occurs The retention effect forms the nucleus. The above viewpoint is my new understanding of "particle charge dynamic atom model" under the framework of "dynamic theory of positive and negative charge mutual conversion". At present, there is a dot effect in the electron cloud observed under the electron microscope, which is the imaging of "electron" ejecting from the nucleus. This imaging verifies the scientificity of the new theory.

From the view of the whole atom: in the atom, the balance of electrostatic attraction and electrostatic positive and negative charge is formed between negatively charged electrons and positively charged protons, The whole atom does not show positive or negative charge. Atoms only show the characteristics of absorbing and releasing heat energy. The absorbed heat energy is the low energy heat energy which slowly enters into the atoms according to the principle of concentration diffusion, while the heat energy released by atoms is the high-pressure and strong electromagnetic heat energy which is released in the way of electromagnetic radiation according to the voltage characteristics.

3. Part Three: New Epistemology Of Gravitational Repulsion Field In The Material World

3.1 Understanding of gravitation and repulsion:

With the new understanding of "particle charge dynamic atomic model", we have found the root cause of the phenomenon of matter absorbing "heat energy" and "releasing electromagnetic radiation", as well as the source of attraction and repulsion force between matter. Due to the ability of absorbing heat energy, matter atoms constitute the source power of mutual attraction. That is: between atoms, between stars, because this ability to absorb heat energy from each other constitutes the universal gravitation between substances.

Simply put: the "heat absorption ability" of matter is the "universal gravitation" of matter.

The repulsion force of matter is simply said: the repulsion force between the atoms (between the stars) is formed by the "electromagnetic field emission" generated by the mutual release of strong electromagnetic heat energy.

At the micro level, the phenomenon of repulsion between atoms is the repulsion effect formed by the "launching electromagnetic field" generated by the release of strong electromagnetic heat energy between atoms.

From the macroscopic point of view, the earth continuously absorbs low "heat energy" and continuously emits strong electromagnetic heat energy to outer space, resulting in the permanent existence of the earth's "electromagnetic field emission". Due to the existence of repulsive force of "launching electromagnetic field" between two adjacent stars, no matter how the "launching electromagnetic field" of the sun compresses the "launching electromagnetic field" of the earth, it cannot directly invade the earth's surface. This view reveals the mystery that the strong solar wind can not directly invade the earth's surface for many years.

3.2. The understanding of "the law of balance space between gravity and repulsion"

There is a unity of opposites between "universal gravitation" and "universal repulsion" in the material world: the absorption and release of "heat energy" by matter is the root of the existence of "gravitation and repulsion" between matter, that is, the two matter bodies repel each other at short distance due to the existence of "electromagnetic field emitted by matter", while at long distance due to the absorption of heat energy between matter, matter is determined The substance has the characteristics of mutual attraction.

There is a law of the balance distance of attraction and repulsion force in the occurrence of "attraction" and "repulsion force": that is, the "repulsion force" generated by the "electromagnetic field" emitted by neighboring stars (atoms) and the "gravitational force" generated by the absorption of "heat energy". Through the self adjustment of the distance between stars (atoms), Close range repulsion and far range absorptionthe repulsion force and attraction between stars (atoms) are balanced, thus producing the stars (atoms) The law of "the law of equilibrium distance between gravity and repulsion". All matter (atoms, stars) in the universe are in the natural law of    "the law of balance distance between gravity and repulsion".

The factors that determine the intensity of the initial "emission magnetic field" of a planet are: the mass of the planet determines the magnitude of the thermal energy emitted, and the composition of its elements determines the magnitude of the emission voltage (later introduced). Once the intensity of "emission magnetic field" released by a "Planet" is less than that of the initial "emission magnetic field" of the other "Planet", the repulsion between them will be covered by gravitation. For example, the intensity of electromagnetic field emitted by meteorites is less than the limit of the initial "emitted electromagnetic field" intensity of the planet, thus covering up the repulsive force generated by the antagonism of each other's "emitted magnetic field intensity"The meteorite will be captured by the gravitational force generated by the planet's endothermic heat. Therefore, the strength of "electromagnetic field emission" between "Planet" that can generate repulsion force must be greater than the strength of initial "electromagnetic field emission" between "Planet", otherwise the repulsion force will be covered by attraction, which is the reason why meteorites can be captured by "Planet".

3.3 Understanding of the "law of the balance distance between gravitational and repulsive forces" of stars and planets:

The absorption and release of heat energy by matter is the source of all attraction and repulsion. Due to the large amount of electromagnetic energy released between stars, the balance distance between stars is very large. The electromagnetic energy emission between planets is relatively small, so the balance distance between planets is relatively small. As a huge "entity", stars have a huge demand for "heat energy", which is reflected in that stars absorb "heat energy" in the space of the universe super system (such as the solar system) to meet the strong demand of stars for "heat energy". Due to the great mass difference between stars and planets, planets are controlled by the gravitation of star endothermic formation. A planet becomes a satellite of a star on the basis of the balance distance law of gravity and repulsion. Due to the mutual dependence of gravitational and repulsive forces between planets, all the planets in the star system are in the same plane system structure, The principle of the plane system structure of star formation in the Milky way is the same.

All in all: the combination of the "emission magnetic field strength" (repulsive force) and the "ability to absorb heat energy" (gravitation) of the stars in the universe and the distance between the stars, on the basis of following the"law of the balance distance between the attraction and repulsion forces" between the stars, determines the locations of the dynamic balance of the stars in the universe, thus forming the balanced state of the operation of each star in the whole universe .

3.4 Reveal the causes of the formation of the earth's gravity:

The earth is an aggregate of atoms.A new understanding of "the law of equilibrium distance between gravitation and repulsion". the phenomenon of repulsion of short-range tension with atoms as the unit is not easy to see between micro atoms.   which is mainly manifested in the far-range absorption characteristics of relative micro bodies, thus the relative cohesion effect of micro bodies (such as clouds floating in the air) appears, thus forming the cohesion effect of the whole macro earth's own materials. Through this kind of condensation effect of "heat energy" absorbed by atoms, the earth condenses in space and becomes an independent planet.   And it follows the requirement of absorbing "heat energy" from outer space to supplement the "entity" in the earth. This characteristic of absorbing low energy "heat energy" from outer space and condensing "heat energy" to the earth's core constitutes the gravitational effect of centripetal condensation of all materials of the earth itself. The low energy "heat energy" absorbed by the earth from outer space refers to the "heat energy" radiated to the earth from other "stars" and "planets", as well as the 3K temperature "heat energy" existing in the space.

The earth's atmosphere is bound by this centripetal condensation of "heat energy" gravity and does not dissipate into space,because the "heat energy" contained in the earth's atmosphere and all the substances on the earth is far higher than the 3K temperature "heat energy" in the space. The centripetal condensing gravitational effect of the centripetal condensing "heat energy" of the earth forms the "centripetal condensing gravity" for all the substances on the earth (all the substances on the earth include: the earth's core, mantle, crust, all the substances on the earth's surface and atmosphere). At the same time, there is a law that the concentration of the "heat energy" condensing from outer space to the earth's core is increasing in turn, and more and more towards the earth The higher the concentration of "thermal energy" in the center of the ball. At present, it is known that the temperature of each kilometer of the earth's core is increased by 1 degree, which leads to the formation of the high temperature liquid phase transition effect of the earth's core material. This view reveals the natural mystery of the earth's hot core. The gravitational effect of "heat energy" condensing from outer space to the core of the planet is also the essential reason for high-temperature phase of massive stars to become liquid or gaseous.

The lift force of hot air, Kongming lamp, hot air balloon, hydrogen balloon and helium balloon is caused by buoyancy. Buoyancy is greater than the gravity of the earth, which is a phenomenon of lifting force. For example, since the buoyancy of wood blocks in water is greater than the "gravity of the earth", there is a phenomenon that wood blocks generate upward force from water, which is the same as the buoyancy principle of hot air. Therefore, the buoyancy of hot air and the gravitational effect of earth's heat absorption are not contradictory!

In short, The "entity" in the earth's matter absorbs the "heat energy" to condensation   the gravitational effect centripetally,which constitutes the attraction to all the earth's substances, because all the earth's substances contain heat energy, which is the reason for the formation of the earth's gravity.[4].

3.5 Reveal the cause of the earth's rotation:

In the solar system, although the sun and the earth are located in the space of "the law of balance distance between gravity and repulsion", there is still an imbalance between the sun and the earth. That is to say, because the "thermal energy" absorbed by the side facing the sun is greater than that of the back of the earth, the electromagnetic field intensity released from the front is greater than that of the back of the earth, and the repulsion force of the front of the earth to the sun is greater than that of the back (repulsion effect). However the gravitational effect of the earth's Yin is greater than that of the earth's Yang. The gravitational and repulsive effects of the different positions of the earth's Yin and Yang constitute the source power of the earth's rotation. The earth realizes the dynamic balance of attraction and repulsion through this effect of self transformation, which is the essential reason for the existence of permanent rotation source power of the earth.

Specifically, the gravitational effect produced by the solar heat absorbed by the earth's early line region is always greater than that of the earth's late line region, and the repulsion force of the magnetic field emitted by the earth's late line region to the sun is always greater than that of the magnetic field in the early earth line region,which constitutes the power of the earth's permanent rotation. The dynamic effect of the earth's rotation is to transform the gravitational and repulsive forces in different positions into the position effect, so as to realize the dynamic balance of the earth's rotation. This is that although the sun and the earth are in the "law of balance distance between gravity and repulsion", there is still a slight difference between gravity and repulsion on the Yin and Yang sides of the earth, which makes the earth eternal existence of the rotation source power, which is the essential reason for the generation of the rotation source power of the earth.

3.6 Reveal the reasons for the formation of elliptical orbits and the structural changes of comets:

More than 1600 comets have been found orbiting the sun, the most famous of which is Halley's comet. For the special elliptical orbit of comets, this paper considers that it is caused by the change of the attraction and repulsion between comets and the sun. Although the comet absorbs and releases "heat energy" in equilibrium, from the perspective of the comet's entire orbit around the sun, When the comet is far away from the sun in the low "thermal energy" content area, the "thermal energy" content in the comet decreases. Because the existence of the "law of gravity" depends on the absorption of "thermal energy" between the matter atoms, the comet with low "thermal energy" content shows the effect of weakened cohesion, loose structure and darkened comet nucleus. At this time, comets with low content of "thermal energy" move towards the stars with the characteristics of "thermal energy" radiation source of the sun, so as to obtain the supplement of "thermal energy". When comets move to the area near the sun, they get a lot of "heat energy" from the electromagnetic radiation released by the sun. When comets are filled with a lot of "heat energy", under the repulsion of the sun and comets "emission magnetic field", comets are repelled by the sun. Under the action of inertial force, in the motion between comets and stars, the elliptical orbit around the stars appears. Comets full of "thermal energy" have a high content of "thermal energy". Due to the existence of the law of universal gravitation, it depends on the absorption of "heat energy" between the matter atoms, which shows that comets with high content of "heat energy" have strong cohesion, showing the effect of comet body contraction and comet nucleus brightness enhancement. which is the reason for the formation of comet elliptical orbit and structural changes.

3.7. Reveal the causes of the formation of black hole gravity:

Substance is a combination of Entity and heat energy, which has the characteristics of combination. All matter contains heat energy, A "pure entity" without "heat energy" at all cannot be called a "substance",Because "pure entity" can't form the structure of atomic force without the participation of heat energy, "pure entity" is the "matter" in the black hole of the universe,and this "matter" in the black hole can not be called matter,    it is only a single entity,Because the "entity" in the black hole of the universe has a strong absorption effect on heat energy,the electromagnetic radiation heat energy light emitted by the stars is swallowed by the black hole, which is the essential reason for the absorption characteristics of the black hole in the universe. In this paper, "black hole" is called "blackbody star", The "single entity" in black holes is called "black body matter" in this paper.

For more information about the resurrection of a black hole and its role as a cosmic fire extinguisher, please refer to [2]. The birth of galaxies. the disintegration of galaxiesrelated to the critical temperature point at which stellar elements form "material light state " [8] , For more information, see [2].

4. Part Four: New Epistemology Of Magnetic Field In Material World

4.1. There are two kinds of magnetic fields in the material world:

One is "emitting magnetic field"In the material world, regardless of the size of the mass (atoms and stars), there is a "emission magnetic field" that continuously absorbs low "heat energy" and continuously "emits strong electromagnetic radiation heat energy".   This "emission magnetic field" is really the fundamental reason for the existence of "universal gravitation and repulsion". This "emission magnetic field" does not have N, S polarity.

The other is a magnetic field with N and S polarity: This kind of magnetic field is formed by specific reasons.   It is a "regression field" formed by the "electromagnetic radiation energy" emitted by itself and the "electromagnetic radiation energy" recovered by itself, Including the magnetic field of N and s polarity of the earth and the magnetic field of N and s polarity of magnetic materials,   which are all magnetic fields with their own characteristics of emission and recovery. There is no direct relationship between them and the gravitational and repulsive forces between matter, but there is a directional force relationship between them.

4.2   The formation of the earth's "emission magnetic field" and the characteristics of the intensity of the emission voltage value:

The formation of the earth's "emission magnetic field" is due to the fact that the earth is an aggregate of atoms, and the earth atoms constantly absorb the low "heat energy" of the outer space and constantly "emit the heat energy of strong electromagnetic radiation", thus forming the earth's "emission magnetic field". The earth's "emitted magnetic field" has no N and S polarity. The earth's "launching magnetic field" is the earth's "large geomagnetic field". The electromagnetic energy emitted is continuously attenuated through long-distance transmission, about 30000 kilometers away from the earth's surface. The large "emission magnetic field" of the earth is the magnetic field that produces repulsive force with the "emission magnetic field" of other planets. This magnetic field follows the "The law of equilibrium distance between gravitational and repulsive forces between stars". The "emission electromagnetic field" of the earth's matter absorbs low heat energy from outer space and agglomerates to the earth's core, which is the cause of the formation of the earth's gravity.

What is the emission voltage of the earth's large "emission magnetic field"? According to this paper's understanding of the causes of the formation of the gravity of the earth's matter, the core of the earth is not the heavy element nuclear reaction, the composition of the earth's material elements as a whole should be roughly the same, so the composition of the earth's elements measured on the earth's surface is also the composition of the earth's elements. Since the earth's material is mainly composed of eight elements, accounting for 97.13% of the total weight, the sequence of eight elements in the periodic table of elements is: 8 oxygen, 11 sodium, 12 magnesium, 13 aluminum, 14 silicon, 19 potassium, 20 calcium, 26 iron. According to the arrangement order of elements in the periodic table of elements introduced earlier, it is also the order in which the "saturation voltage value" of each element rises gradually. Therefore, the emission voltage value in the "earth emission electromagnetic field" should be the "saturation voltage value" intensity characteristic of the 26th iron "element" in the highest position of the eight "elements". Because there are a small number of heavy elements larger than iron "elements" on the earth, these heavy elements have an upward regulating effect on the voltage value of electromagnetic field emitted by the earth. According to the 2500V voltage needed to release ionized air to produce ozone in the earth's space, we can see the magnitude of the discharge voltage in the earth's space. The electric energy less than 2500V (about) ground voltage can't discharge into space, can't transfer current through non-contact mode, can only conduct current through contact mode. In the earth space, the electric energy which is more than 2500V (about) ground voltage can be transmitted through the space by non-contact way. The composition of the earth's material elements determines the earth's 2500V emission voltage. The author has noticed a unique coincidence phenomenon,Maybe we have found another path of scientific truth: it is found that the 2500V voltage value of the earth's ionized air is highly consistent (close) with the order of iron element 26 in the periodic table of the elements. Therefore, the author puts forward a bold new understanding: in the periodic table of elements, every bit of "saturation voltage value" increased by 100V. Starting from the "saturation voltage value" 100V of hydrogen, the "saturation voltage value" of helium is 200V, and so on. The order of iron elements in the periodic table is 26th, so the "saturation voltage value" of "iron element entity" is 2600v, and the "saturation voltage value" 2600v of iron element is highly consistent (close to) the 2500V "cut-off voltage value" formed by the above "earth emission magnetic field". According to this law, the "saturation voltage" of uranium 92 is 9200v, which is much higher than the earth's voltage. Therefore, when the uranium element exceeds its "saturation thermal energy voltage" to emit electromagnetic radiation to space, it shows a strong radioactive phenomenon greater than the earth's voltage. Because the heavy elements of uranium 92 are arranged at the high position of the periodic table of elements, it is a "entity" with "highly saturated heat energy". The "entity" of heavy element uranium 92 has the ability to absorb a large amount of heat energy from the external space and store a large amount of heat energy, so as to meet the demand of "highly saturated heat energy" of heavy element "entity" itself. Therefore, the "high saturated heat energy" characteristic of heavy elements determines that heavy elements have a constant high heat phenomenon. This view reveals the reason why heavy elements have high thermal energy and high radioactivity.

Electrostatic high-voltage is not caused by the separation distance between positive and negative charges, because the friction between the same substances produces the same charge high-voltage electrostatic, there is no condition for the separation distance between positive and negative charges, we found that the electrostatic is in kilovolts, because there is a voltage generated by the earth's "electromagnetic field emission" in the earth's space. When the voltage is below this value, it is shielded by the voltage on the ground, and we can't find static electricity. Only when the voltage is greater than this value can we find the existence of static electricity, which is the real reason for finding that static electricity is thousands of volts.

In a word, the composition of the earth's material elements determines the emission voltage value of the earth's "emission magnetic field". According to the reasons for the formation of magnetic substances, it is related to elements such as iron 26, cobalt 27, nickel 28 and copper 29 (as follows). The emission voltage value is in the range of the "saturation voltage value" of iron and copper elements, and the initial emission voltage is between 2500 V and 2900 v. the amount of electromagnetic energy emitted in the earth's "emission magnetic field" is determined by the content of the earth's material and the amount of heat energy absorbed and released Decided, The earth continuously emits the earth's "electromagnetic field" of this voltage strength to the outer space. After the launch, the distance from the earth's surface is about 30000 kilometers under the damping drag of 3K space temperature heat energy through long-distance transmission. This is the characteristic of the earth's "emission magnetic field". It is also the constraint voltage when the earth's material atoms emit electromagnetic radiation to outer space. Hot air is not electricity, because it is lower than the 2500-2900v voltage value of the earth. Hot air is just our perception of the concentration of thermal energy.

4.3The reasons for the formation of "NS magnetic field at the north and south poles" And"Van allen radiation belt" Of the earth:

Why is there another "NS magnetic field of North and south poles" in the earth's "emission magnetic field"? The answer is: because the north pole of the earth is always facing the center of the galaxy, while the south pole of the earth is the opposite, so the electromagnetic heat energy from the center of the galaxy is always greater than the south pole, which results in the temperature of the north pole of the earth is always higher than the South Pole. Therefore, when the electromagnetic radiation energy from the galactic center enters the earth's north pole, the earth's north pole facing the galactic center becomes the "geomagnetic S pole" of the incident end of the electromagnetic radiation energy, and the corresponding earth's south pole becomes the "N of geomagnetic field" of the radiation source. This view reveals the formation of "N of geomagnetic field" and "S of geomagnetic field".

The electromagnetic energy of the earth along the direction of "magnetic field NS" is very small, The reason is that the earth's material is not only composed of eight elements accounting for 97.13% of the total weight of the earth. but also corresponding to 2.87% of other elements, including heavy elements larger than iron (in this paper, elements larger than iron are collectively referred to as heavy elements).   Because the earth emits "emission magnetic field" characterized by the "saturation voltage value" intensity of iron element, the electromagnetic radiation energy of the "iron voltage value intensity" emitted by the earth is low-voltage weak electric energy compared   with the heavy element   "high saturated heat energy" ,   so the heavy element material larger than iron element has the ability to absorb the electromagnetic radiation energy in the "geomagnetic field". When the earth's heavy elements absorb the electromagnetic radiation energy emitted from the earth, It also has the directionality characteristic of "n, s polarity" which is the same as "the earth's magnetic field",   which forms the regression characteristics of the electromagnetic energy of the earth's NS magnetic field in the "Van Allen radiation belt". As 97.13% of the total weight of the earth is composed of eight elements, and the content of heavy elements in the earth is very small,   the electromagnetic regression energy in the "Van Allen radiation belt" with the characteristics of the North-South polarity of the earth is a small part, which forms the characteristics of the small electromagnetic energy in the earth's ns polar magnetic field in the "Van Allen radiation belt".

4.4   The reason why the earth's "magnetic pole point" presents the dynamic law of annual small circle movement in the north and south poles

Is that the north pole of the earth always faces the "Galactic Center", the north pole becomes the "geomagnetic S "of electromagnetic energy incident on the earth, and the South pole of the earth correspondingly becomes the "geomagnetic N " of the launching end. Therefore, when the earth receives the electromagnetic energy from the center of the galaxy, since the earth rotates around the sun for one year, the "magnetic pole point" changes in a small circle at the north and south poles in one year. This view reveals the natural mystery that "magnetic pole point" presents the dynamic law of small circle movement all the year round at the north and south poles.

4.5 The reason for the formation of N and S pole magnetic field of magnetic substance on the earth:

By studying all the magnetic materials on earth, I found an amazing phenomenon: all magnetic materials on earth contain at least one element of iron, cobalt, nickel and copper. Let's take a look at the composition of all soft and hard magnetic materials on the earth: magnetite (Fe3O4), ferromagnetic materials, namely iron, cobalt, nickel, slope alloy (78.5% nickel, 21.5% iron); silicon copper; pure iron; carbon copper; tungsten steel; aluminum, cobalt, nickel, magnetic steel (al Nico), ferrite permanent magnetic materials (BaFe12O19, SrFe12O19), rare earth permanent magnetic materials (SmCo5, Sm2Co17, Nd-Fe-B). Why do magnetic materials contain at least one element of iron, cobalt, nickel and copper, and only correspond to ferromagnetic phenomena that attract iron, cobalt, nickel and copper (to be discussed later)? What is the reason for this? When you look at the order of these elements in the periodic table, you will find that the order of iron 26, cobalt 27, nickel 28, copper 29 is equal to or greater than iron 26. According to the order of the elements in the periodic table, the saturation voltage of each element increases gradually, and a new understanding of the absorption and release of heat energy in the process of particle dynamic migration in the atomic model is obtained. From the in-depth study of the atomic model, we can see that the frequency of electromagnetic radiation emitted by an atom is determined by the difference between the saturation voltage of each element and the external constraint voltage of the atom. The smaller the pressure difference, the higher the frequency of electromagnetic radiation emitted by atoms. When the saturation voltage of the "material element" is the same as the earth's constraint voltage, the high-frequency emission of electromagnetic radiation energy will occur. The emitted electromagnetic radiation energy will be absorbed back again by the demand characteristics of the "entity" with the same saturated voltage energy value, so as to directly meet the entity's demand for its own saturated heat energy, and then the voltage value exceeding its own saturated heat energy will be released again. Therefore, the electromagnetic energy emitted and recovered by the magnetic material itself appears the characteristic phenomenon of N and s polarity in the circulation field, which is the reason for the particularity of the return of the electromagnetic field of the N and S poles of Fe, Co, Ni and Cu. In fact, the magnetic line of force of magnetic material is the return path of electromagnetic radiation energy self recovery.

To sum up, there is a special phenomenon of high-frequency emission and self recovery of electromagnetic radiation energy because the "saturated thermal energy voltage value" containing these "material entity elements" is the same as the "Earth's constraint voltage value".   This is essentially the inherent combination of "entity" and "thermal energy", and the reason why the saturation voltage value is equal to the constraint voltage value is formed. Specifically, because the saturated voltage values of iron, cobalt, nickel and copper are the same as those emitted by the earth,   These "material elements" not only directly release the electromagnetic energy of the earth voltage value, but also have the characteristics of directly absorbing the electromagnetic energy of their own emission voltage value. Therefore, the characteristics of absorbing the electromagnetic energy of the earth's voltage value make these magnetic materials have the particularity of identifying the direction of the earth's north and south magnetic poles, that is, the characteristics of the compass.

Although the magnetic material emits and recovers 2500 V (about) high-voltage electric energy between "magnetic pole N and magnetic pole s", because it is in the earth's 2500 V (about) high-voltage energy field, they are the same equipotential (i.e., the same voltage), so we can not perceive the 2500V (about) high-voltage electricity between "magnetic pole N and magnetic pole s", we can only peep through the magnetic line of force of magnetic material The phenomenon of return of electromagnetic radiation energy emitted and recovered between magnetic pole N and magnetic pole s. Because we can not observe the existence of high-voltage electrical properties of magnetic materials, so we attribute it to magnetic field. It is precisely because the voltage of the magnetic material "pole N and pole s" returning electromagnetic radiation energy is in the same equivalent earth emission voltage, so it is difficult for us to recognize the true face of magnetic field!

4.6 Reasons for ferromagnetism of magnetic materials:

Why do magnetic materials have ferromagnetic phenomena that attract iron, cobalt, nickel and copper? The reason is that the magnetic materials have the characteristics of absorbing the energy of the earth's emission voltage, because in the matter of iron, cobalt, nickel and copper, the same "Saturation voltage value energy" as the earth's emission voltage energy is implied in the "neutrons" of these elements, because the "saturated thermal energy" of these material elements cannot be separated from the "entity", Therefore, the characteristics of magnetic material absorbing the energy of the earth's emission voltage produce the corresponding attraction characteristics of the material elements containing the energy of the earth's emission voltage, that is, the ferromagnetism phenomenon that directly attracts the elements of iron, cobalt, nickel and copper. The ferromagnetic elements are iron, cobalt, nickel and copper. The copper magnetic materials discovered in the United States in 1993 conform to this theory.

5. Part V: New Epistemology Of Electric Field In Material World

5.1 The reason of 3K temperature phenomenon in space. new understanding of "Ether":

Every "Star" in the universe continuously emits electromagnetic radiation to outer space. After the electromagnetic heat energy decays in the process of cosmic propagation, it is distributed in the cosmic space, thus forming a 3K temperature phenomenon with the background of the universe. The essence of the electromagnetic wave medium "Ether" proposed by Descartes is 3K temperature "heat energy" which exists independently in the universe. The essence of "Ether" is "heat energy".

5.2 New understanding of wave particle duality of light:

A new understanding of the properties of light particles: without the participation of "entity", there will be no particle properties in pure electromagnetic radiation light, and most of this light energy is "cold light energy". With the participation of "entity", there are particles in the light energy of electromagnetic radiation, most of which are "thermal light energy".

A new understanding of light wave dynamics: when there is no heat medium damping and dragging effect in the propagation path of electromagnetic radiation light energy, light will travel along a straight line, which is the ideal blackbody radiation in our theoretical understanding. When the electromagnetic radiation light energy has heat energy (or thermal energy voltage field) medium damping and dragging effect in the propagation path, the fluctuation of electromagnetic radiation light energy appears at the same time, the thermal energy in the light is released from the electromagnetic radiation energy, and the thermal energy in the light is attenuated. The reason why the X-ray of electromagnetic radiation propagates in a straight line is that the resistance in the path of relative high voltage is too small.

5.3 The new understanding of "resistance" of space "electromagnetic radiation" is as follows:

In February 1902, the discovery of the "white night effect" which is not conducive to the long-distance propagation of radio waves was found between the "Porter Hugh" and the "ferradelfia" of the American route, that is, the propagation range of the radio waves at night is more than twice that of the daytime, which is the most powerful proof of the heat medium. This "white night effect" is caused by high and low concentrations of "heat" during the day and at night. In the daytime, the electromagnetic radiation propagates along the path, and the resistance of "hot medium" is higher than that at night. According to the fact that the change of thermal energy in the middle path of the "white night effect" causes different attenuation of radio waves, the existence of 3K "heat" in the universe is the cause of stellar light attenuation.

"Thermal energy" is the "resistance" in the propagation path of "electromagnetic radiation". The higher the concentration of thermal energy is, the greater the resistance is; otherwise, the lower the concentration of thermal energy is, the smaller the resistance is. The "thermal energy voltage field" in the planet's "electromagnetic emission" is the stronger resistance in the propagation path of "electromagnetic radiation". The repulsive force of the "thermal energy voltage field" emitted by the sun and the earth is to make the sunlight form a strong resistance when it enters the geomagnetic space, so that the sunlight can release a lot of heat energy. In the middle path between the sun and the earth, there is only 3K thermal microresistance, which is close to superconductivity, so the sunlight can not release a lot of thermal energy.

5.4 New understanding of electricity and electromagnetic radiation:

Electricity and electromagnetic radiation are the same essential properties. When electromagnetic radiation propagates in a specific medium "conductor", it is current. When electricity propagates in the "non conductor" medium, it is electromagnetic radiation, which is equivalent to the current flowing in space.

New understanding of Conductor: the specific medium "conductor" refers to the medium that can reduce the voltage value in the medium. The essence of the specific medium "conductor" is that there are a large number of electrons lacking heat energy inside the "conductor". Through the absorption of heat energy inside the "conductor" by electrons, a lower voltage environment appears inside the "conductor" than outside the "conductor",   Therefore, when electromagnetic radiation appears to conduct electromagnetic radiation in the "constraint oriented" low-voltage channel, we can see the current flowingelectromagnetic radiation in the "conductor".

A new understanding of non-conductor: "non conductor" (including space, air, insulator, etc.), because there are not many electrons in these media, the internal voltage value can not be reduced, while the channel "non-conductor" has no low voltage value. Because the internal voltage value of "non-conductor" medium is the same as the external voltage value, there is no low-voltage channel that can restrict and guide the conduction of electromagnetic radiation energy Sex. Only the high-voltage electromagnetic radiation energy higher than the "non-conductor" internal and external voltage can pass through, while the "non-conductor" medium has heat energy when   which produces damping and drag effect on the passing electromagnetic radiation energy thus releasing heat energy, which leads to continuous attenuation and fluctuation of electromagnetic radiation energy on the propagation path.

5.5 new understanding of continuous current generated by conductor cutting magnetic line of force:

After understanding the above new understanding of N, S pole magnetic field and conductor, finally I will talk about the problem of conductor generating current continuously through cutting magnetic field lines in N, S pole magnetic field. Because the N, S magnetic field is a return field which emits from the   pole N   and then recovers the electromagnetic radiation energy from the S pole, and the conductor is a low-voltage channel whose internal voltage value is less than the external voltage value of the conductor. Therefore, when the conductor with low voltage channel cuts and blocks the magnetic field line of force in the N and S pole magnetic field, i.e. cuts returns the electromagnetic radiation energy, it is equivalent to applying a kind of high voltage electric energy greater than the voltage value in the conductor on the conductor, Thus, the high-voltage electric energy of electromagnetic radiation flowing back along the N and S poles enters into the conductor and is transmitted out through the low-voltage channel of the conductor, thus forming the current phenomenon we see.   The reason for the continuous generation of current is that, from the above discussion, we know that the magnitude of the electromagnetic radiation voltage energy emitted and absorbed by the   "N   " and    “S ”   pole magnetic fields is the same as that emitted by the earth. Therefore, the conductor cuts off the current of these voltage energy lost by the magnetic field line passing through the conductor. Through the N-pole and S-pole magnetic materials, they have the characteristics of absorbing the earth's voltage energy. In the earth's emitted electromagnetic field, they can obtain continuous supplement through ingestion, so as to supply the conductor to form a continuous current. In fact, the essential reason for the current generated by cutting magnetic lines of force by conductors is the practice of Faraday science giant: human beings have transformed the electromagnetic energy in the earth's "emission magnetic field" through N and S magnets into the low-voltage conductor channels for utilization. This is the utilization of the electromagnetic energy emitted by the earth. It is a great contribution made by Faraday, a great experimental scientist, to us. But Faraday didn't know the reason for the directionality of the left and right hand rule when the conductor cut the magnetic line of force. For the causes of the directionality of the left and right hand rules, see [2] for details.

In a word, electricity and electromagnetic radiation are the same essential attributes. When high-voltage electromagnetic energy is applied to low-voltage media for propagation,   heat energy follows the propagation law of voltage characteristics. The only difference is that electricity is propagated in specific low-voltage "conductor" media, and electromagnetic radiation is propagated in non-specific medium "non conductor",   so current and electromagnetic radiation are the same essence The electric quantity is the content of heat energy. The electromagnetic radiation can also be called the current flowing in the unconstrained space.

6. The Sixth Part: The Scientific Significance Of The New Theoretical System Of Physics In The 21St Century

"The New Theoretical System Of Physics In The 21St Century" Will Accelerate The Progress Of Human Beings From The "Earth Civilization Era" To The "Cosmic Civilization Era"   [1] ! Under the guidance of the theory that every planet in the new theoretical system "emits electromagnetic fields" to outer space, the author designed the experimental results of the lifting force generated by the high-voltage discharge body to the earth discharge [11-12], which is of great significance and application value. This experiment is based on the lift phenomenon caused by the repulsive force between the discharge of the earth's "electromagnetic field" to outer space and the discharge of the high-voltage discharge body. This is a method to overcome the earth's gravity by using the "law of balance distance between gravity and repulsion" between planetsSee Figure 1. It is a kind of spacecraft which uses the "principle of gravitational repulsion between satellites" as its dynamic capability [1] [9]. This kind of spacecraft, which uses the dynamic performance of the "inter satellite gravitational repulsion principle", will be able to travel freely between the planets.

QQ截图20200414122903.png

Figure 1.Schematic diagram of space flying saucer principle prototype (for details, see instruction [9])

In the future, with the improvement of discharge energy of high-voltage discharge vehicles, when mankind successfully develops the "space flying saucer" [9-13] driven by electromagnetic propulsion and roaming in interstellar space, it will be easy for humans to travel to and from each planet. It will usher in a new era of interplanetary space vehicles! With the development of human beings to the deep of the universe, human beings will move forward from the era of earth civilization to the era of universe civilization! At that time, with the development of human beings to the deep space of the universe,The vision of intelligent human beings will look at the whole universe, and will not cause nuclear war in order to fight for limited resources on the earth! In order to avoid the fate of human being destroyed in the event of large-scale nuclear war, it is urgent to speed up the research of electromagnetic propulsion power "space flying saucer"[1]! This is the sacred mission given to us by the right of human existence! In order to speed up the research process of the "aerospace flying saucer" driven by electromagnetic propulsion,The author seeks cooperation from the international community! I hope the miracle of human space will come soon!

Reference

[1] Zhou Jianghua. The revolution of physics basic research will usher in a new era of interstellar space vehicle research. The Fifth International Conference on information and education innovation (iciei 2020).ID:E018 London, UK. Minutes of ACM meeting, July 26-28, 2020( ISBN:978-1-4503-7575-7 ).

https://dl.acm.org/doi/proceedings/10.1145/3411681‍ .

https://dl.acm.org/doi/10.1145/3411681.3411687

[2] Zhou Jianghua. New vision of physics research in the 21st century. Jilin: Science and Technology Press, 2005: PP 1-241.

[3] Zhou Jianghua. revelation of the truth of Natural Science in the material world. Science and technology innovation, 2018, issue 32: PP 137-143.

[4] Zhou Jianghua. Revealing the causes of the formation of the earth's gravitation. The sixth Chinese Symposium on new photoelectric detection technology and its application. Beijing. December 3-5, 2019. Website of the international society of Optics and Photonics: https://spie.org/ . April 17, 2020,Specific website: https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2564978 .

[5] Speech collection of Nobel Prize winners, physics (Volume I). Translated by song Yusheng, Li Xinzhang, Hui Hexing, Wang Kangmao, et al. Science Press, 1985.

[6] Zhou Jianghua. Experimental phenomena and explanation of the same-sex negative charge produced by friction of the same substance. Journal of Ordnance Engineering College (Proceedings of the ninth electrostatic academic conference of Chinese Physical Society). 2000, Vol. 12 (Supplement): pp295-298.

[7] Beijing TV reported the 1167 episode of "science and technology in all directions" (broadcast time: May 12, 2005, broadcast Title: I want to get a "Nobel") Zhou Jianghua's major physical experiment discovery: Experimental phenomena of the same charge produced by friction of the same substance.

http://www.21ufo.com/h-nd-12.html#_np=2_307 .

[8] Zhou Jianghua. Is the existence of light matter the fifth physical state? Potential science. 1990 (5): PP 7-13.

[9] Zhou Jianghua. Development plan of human flying saucer in the 21st century. Science and technology and enterprise. 2015 (1): pp243-246.

[10] Zhou Jianghua. Development plan of electromagnetic propulsion powered aircraft in the 21st century. Science and technology wind. November 2018, (32): pp1-8.

[11] For the video of the experiment, see the website: International Physics Network of the 21st century. Website:    http://www.21ufo.com/h-pr.html .

[12] CCTV of the people's Republic of China "Zhou Jianghua UFO Research Report" (see the following video: 1:45-3:40), broadcast time: February 15, 2010.

http://www.21ufo.com/h-nd-7.html#_np=2_307 .

[13] Zhou Jianghua. Aerospace flying saucer: Chinese patent, 2014106932673, announcement date: May 13, 2015, announcement number: cn104608930a.